Table 2

The association between traffic risky behaviours and sociodemographic characteristics among 933 pedestrians in northwestern Iran, 2023

VariableTotalAdherence to traffic rulesViolationPositive behaviourDistractionAggressive behaviour
OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
Age0.99 (0.98 to 1.89)1.06 (1.005 to 1.89)0.98 (0.78 to 0.99)1.08 (0.99 to 1.97)1 (0.99 to 1.98)0.95 (0.82 to 0.99)
 GenderMaleReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
Female0.91 (0.69 to 1.89)1.21 (0.63 to 2.08)0.8 (0.48 to 1.53)1.09 (0.8 to 1.54)0.9 (0.69 to 1.46)0.73 (0.47 to 1.51)
Family size3ReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
40.85 (0.63 to 1.41)0.64 (0.28 to 1.48)0.57 (0.32 to 1.02)0.54 (0.2 to 1.44)1.25 (0.61 to 2.57)2.07 (0.8 to 5.38)
51.06 (0.67 to 1.68)0.42 (0.18 to 0.95)1.05 (0.41 to 2.71)0.53 (0.2 to 1.41)1.26 (0.62 to 2.56)1.96 (0.76 to 5.02)
61.29 (0.58 to 2.86)0.4 (0.16 to 0.97)1.87 (0.24 to 1.48)0.43 (0.45 to 1.21)1.45 (0.66 to 3.1)4.84 (1.35 to 17.68)
SESVery highReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
High1.1 (0.46 to 2.62)1.04 (0.43 to 2.53)0.94 (0.46 to 1.9)0.38 (0.22 to 0.66)1.58 (1.09 to 2.28)1.46 (0.32 to 6.59)
Medium1.28 (0.56 to 2.91)1.08 (0.45 to 2.58)1.58 (0.79 to 3.17)0.45 (0.16 to 1.23)1.68 (1.07 to 2.65)2.23 (1.21 to 4.1)
Low1.94 (0.83 to 4.52)1.04 (0.43 to 2.53)1.93 (0.92 to 4.04)0.39 (0.24 to 0.62)1.63 (1.09 to 2.44)0.72 (0.4 to 1.25)
Very low2.60 (1.11 to 6.10)0.77 (0.32 to 1.88)2.57 (0.14 to 3.45)0.4 (0.24 to 0.66)2.55 (1.03 to 6.28)2.96 (1.18 to 7.4)
  • Highlighted numbers indicate statistically significance.

  • CI, confidence interval ; OR, odds ratio; SES, socioeconomic status .