Table 3

Result of GEE analysis to estimate adjusted OR with 95% CI for familial aggregation of traffic risky behaviours among 933 pedestrians in northwestern Iran, 2023

VariableTotal*Risky behaviour dimensions
Adherence to traffic rules†Violation‡Positive behaviour*Distraction*Aggressive behaviour§
OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
Spouses1.07 (0.8 to 1.4)1.2 (0.85 to 2.71)1.02 (0.54 to 1.9)1.17 (0.85 to 2.3)1.1 (0.84 to 1.46)1.06 (0.84 to 2.36)
Parents and offspring1.42 (1.07 to 1.89)1.26 (1.09 to 2.46)1.30 (0.96 to 1.74)1.03 (0.89 to 2.1)1.89 (1.25 to 3.4)1.44 (1.17 to 2.01)
Mothers and offspring1.33 (1.1 to 1.86)1.84 (1.34 to 2.98)1.61 (0.9 to 2.85)1.06 (0.79 to 3.54)0.99 (0.74 to 1.34)1.03 (0.7 to 1.52)
Fathers and offspring1.4 (1.06 to 2.01)1.54 (1.14 to 2.5)1.98 (1.12 to 2.78)1.16 (0.86 to 2.15)2.58 (1.89 to 4.2)2.23 (1.52 to 3.25)
Siblings1.22 (0.80 to 1.86)1.35 (1.15 to 3.15)1.99 (1.18 to 3.73)1.23 (0.79 to 2.3)1.30 (0.87 to 1.93)2.06 (1.38 to 3.08)
  • highlighted numbers indicate statistically significance.

  • *Adjusted for socioeconomic status.

  • †Adjusted for age and family size.

  • ‡Adjusted for age, family size and socioeconomic status.

  • §Adjusted for age, family size and socioeconomic status.

  • CI, confidence interval ; GEE, generalised estimating equations; OR, odds ratio .