Table 1

Patient characteristics

VariablesPrelegalisation
n=37
Postlegalisation
n=99
P value
Age, year; median (IQR)33 (18.5–41.5)25 (14–34)0.064
White, n (%)26 (70.3)80 (80.8)0.245
Male, n (%)24 (64.9)72 (72.7)0.402
Paediatric, n (%)8 (21.5)33 (33.3)0.213
Inpatient, n (%)9 (24.3)36 (36.4)0.222
Site of Injury, n (%)
Hands16 (43.2)48 (48.5)0.700
Arms5 (13.5)16 (16.2)0.796
Face10 (27)28 (28.3)0.999
Eyes9 (24.3)34 (34.3)0.305
Feet2 (5.4)3 (3)0.613
Legs7 (18.9)16 (16.2)0.798
Torso4 (10.8)25 (25.3)0.098
Back3 (8.1)1 (1)0.061
Burn, n (%)23 (62.2)60 (60.6)0.999
Injury Severity Score (ISS)0.183
Mild (<9)25 (89.3)90 (91.8)
Moderate (10–15)1 (3.6)7 (7.1)
Severe (16–24)1 (3.6)0
Very severe (>25)1 (3.6)1 (1)
Unable to calculate91
Required surgery, n (%)8 (22.2)32 (32.3)0.421
Positive drug screen on admission, n (%)Adults only
n=29
Adults only
n=66
0.050
Yes1 (3.4)12 (18.2)
No2 (6.9)12 (18.2)
Not tested26 (89.7)42 (63.6)
Alcohol use, n (%)Adults only
n=29
Adults only
n=66
0.033
Yes2 (6.9)16 (24.2)
No1 (3.4)3 (4.5)
Not tested26 (89.7)78 (73)
  • All non-normally distributed continuous variables are presented as median and IQR. χ2 and Fisher’s exact test were used for categorical variables as appropriate, while Mann-Whitney U test was used for continuous variables. Alcohol use and positive drug screen are reported for adults only.