Table 2

Conditions of interest in the Post-crash Traffic Safety and Health Cohort Study, Prospective Epidemiological Research Studies in IrAN

Post-traumatic stress disorder
by PTSD-5
A psychiatric condition that is related with injured function and deprived quality of life, and physical health problems at high levels. It may develop after exposure to possibly traumatic events such as serious accidents, exposure to conflict, sexual or physical assault, and life threatening illnesses.Cowlishaw S, Metcalf O, Stone C, et al. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Primary Care: A Study of General Practices in England. J Clin Psychol Med Settings 2020:1–929
Depression by PHQ-9A public mental disorder is along with depressed mood, loss of interest in enjoyable activities earlier, lessened energy, guilt, low self-worth, disturbed sleep or appetite, and poor concentration. Patients’ mental health disorder of depression is considered and screened using PHQ-9.Asuquo JE, Edet BE, Abang IE, et al. Depression and posttraumatic stress disorder among road traffic accident victims managed in a Tertiary hospital in Southern Nigeria. Niger J Clin Pract. 2017;20 (2):170–175.
Levis, Brooke et al. “Accuracy of Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) for screening to detect major depression: individual participant data meta-analysis.” BMJ (Clinical research ed.) vol. 365 l1476. 9 Apr. 2019.
Function by WHODAS 2.0Limitations on activities of daily life and restrictions on participation in different aspects including understanding and communicating, getting around, self-care, getting along with others, life activities: household, life activities: work/school, and participation in society.Garin, Olatz et al. “Validation of the “World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule, WHODAS-2” in patients with chronic diseases.” Health and quality of life outcomes vol. 8 51. 19 May. 2010
Health status by EQ-5D-3LKey aspects of health-related quality of life independent of disease category and severity include mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression using a simple generic measure of EQ-5D-3L.König HH, Brettschneider C, Lühmann D, et al. EQ-5D-3L health status and health state utilities of the oldest-old (85 +) in Germany: results from the AgeCoDe-AgeQualiDe study. Qual Life Res. 2020;29(12):3223–3232.
  • EQ-5D-3L, Europe Quality of Life-5 dimensions-3 levels; PHQ-9, Patient Health Questionnaire-9; PTSD-5, PTSD Screen for DSM-5; WHODAS 2.0, WHO Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0.