Table 2

Key findings of selected literature: injury distribution

StudyUpper
limb (%)
Lower
limb (%)
Head (%)Face (%)Chest (%)Abdomen (%)Spine (%)Other
Peer-reviewed publications
Trivedi et al 201916 18640621
Störmann et al 202015 4736172190
Mitchell et al 201913 54251516
Liew et al 202028 116Extremities: 33%
External, unspecified: 72%
Kobayashi et al 2019 *12 132226
Brownson et al 201911 171130Extremities: 55%
Blomberg et al 20194 2628222833
Beck et al 2019 *189266
Bauer et al 202010 1618Head, face, and/or neck: 44%
Torso: 12%
Puzio et al 202014 3617181213Multisystem: 12%
Badeau et al 201932 20MSK: 70%
Superficial, unspecified: 40%
Namiri et al 20203 263232Torso: 10%
Aizpuru et al 20199 263528Torso: 11%
Dhillon et al 202027 99Extremities: 22%
Craniofacial: 23%
English et al 202018 5634183382
Farley et al 202047 27
Bresler et al 201923 65244Mouth: 7%
Neck: 6%
Ear: 1%
Eye: 1%
Yarmohammadi et al 2020†20 100Lateral orbital wall: 56%
Orbital floor: 53%
Orbital roof: 28%
Medial orbital wall: 25%
Jaw: 15%
Nose: 9%
Faraji et al 2020 †21 1150Mouth: 15%
Ear: 1%
Nose: 8%
Trivedi et al 201922 3744232Extremities: 64%
Hennocq et al 2020†24 100Forehead: 18%
Nose: 11%
Cheek: 3%
Lips: 28%
Chin: 40%
Kim et al 202025 Craniofacial: 49%
Oksanen et al 2020†26 4Midface: 43%
Mandible: 26%
Skull base: 9%
Shiffler et al 202019 4718100Craniofacial: 23%
Siow et al 2020‡29 49254Polytrauma: 10%
Ishmael et al 2020‡33 4458
Nellamattathil and Amber 2020*31 15644
Mayhew and Bergin 201930 103Extremities: 84%
Head/face: 44%
Grey literature (non-journal reports)
Pearson et al 201935 Most common: upper limb, lower limb, head/neck
Hojjat et al 201936
Beck et al 202037 Most common: head, upper limb, lower limb.
Chang and Diamond 201938 Most common: head/face
Allen et al 201939 5636Head/face: 46%
Sedor and Caswell 201940
Austin Public Health Unit 201917 705548Chest/abdomen: 18%
City of Santa Monica 201941
Cicchino et al 202034 341879Chest, abdomen, or spine: 3%
  • *Reported distribution of fractures.

  • †Reported distribution of craniofacial injuries.

  • ‡Reported distribution of orthopaedic injuries.