Table 1

Association between firearm ownership status and perceived risk of personal firearm injury among all survey respondents (n=2558), 2018 California Safety and Well-being Survey

uOR95% CIaOR95% CI
Firearm ownership status
 Non-firearm-owners living in homes with firearms0.56*0.37 to 0.850.54*0.33 to 0.88
 Personal firearm owner0.25*0.18 to 0.350.40*0.27 to 0.58
 Non-firearm-owners living in homes without firearmsRef.--Ref.--
Age (years)0.64*0.55 to 0.730.76*0.64 to 0.89
Sex
 Female1.67*1.30 to 2.151.72*1.29 to 2.29
 MaleRef.--Ref.--
Race/ethnicity
 Black, Non-Hispanic1.97*1.13 to 3.431.690.87 to 3.28
 Other and 2+ races, Non-Hispanic3.77*2.59 to 5.53.00*2.03 to 4.43
 Hispanic5.10*3.67 to 7.083.99*2.79 to 5.71
 White, Non-HispanicRef.--Ref.--
Violent crime rates in county of residence
 Above median1.100.85 to 1.410.950.73 to 1.25
 Below medianRef.--Ref.--
Children (under 18 years) in home
 Yes1.93*1.44 to 2.581.200.85 to 1.7
 NoRef.--Ref.--
  • Perceived risk of personal firearm injury was dichotomised: those very or somewhat worried versus not at all or not too worried (referent) about gun violence happening to them. Results are from survey-weighted logistic regression models. Adjusted results are from a model that includes all variables listed in the table. Age is standardised. Respondents with missing values were excluded from the analyses.

  • *p-value<0.05.

  • aOR, adjusted OR; Ref., referent; uOR, unadjusted (bivariate) OR.