Table 3

GBD nature of injury

Nature of injury
Amputation of lower limbs, bilateralFracture of sternum and/or fracture of one or more ribsCrush injury
Amputation of upper limbs, bilateralFracture of vertebral columnNerve injury
Amputation of fingers (excluding thumb)Fracture of femur, other than femoral neckInjury to eyes
Amputation of lower limb, unilateralMinor TBIPoisoning requiring urgent care
Amputation of upper limb, unilateralModerate/severe TBISevere chest injury
Amputation of thumbSpinal cord lesion at neck levelInternal haemorrhage in abdomen and pelvis
Amputation of toe/toesSpinal cord lesion below neck levelEffect of different environmental factors
Lower airway burnsMuscle and tendon injuries, including sprains and strains lesser dislocationsComplications following therapeutic procedures
Burns, <20% total burned surface area without lower airway burnsForeign body in earMultiple fractures, dislocations, crashes, wounds, pains and strains
Burns, ≥20% total burned surface area or ≥10% burned surface area if head/neck or hands/wrist involved without lower airway burnsOpen wound(s)
Fracture of clavicle, scapula or humerusContusion in any part of the body
Fracture of face bonesSuperficial injury of any part of the body
Fracture of foot bones except ankleDislocation of hip
Fracture of hand (wrist and other distal part of hand)Dislocation of knee
Fracture of hipDislocation of shoulder
Fracture of patella, tibia or fibula or ankleForeign body in respiratory system
Fracture of pelvisForeign body in GI and urogenital system
Fracture of radius and/or ulnaDrowning and non-fatal submersion
Fracture of skullAsphyxiation
  • GBD, Global Burden of Disease; GI, gastrointestinal; TBI, traumatic brain injury.