Table 1

Covariates used in unintentional drowning CODEm models

CovariateLevelDirection
Alcohol (litres per capita)1+
Coastal population within 10 km (proportion)1+
Landlocked nation (binary)1
Log-transformed summary exposure value for drowning1+
Rainfall, lowest quintile1
Rainfall, highest quintile1+
Elevation under 100 m (proportion2+
Education (years per capita)3
Lag-distributed income per capita3No prior
Socio-demographic Index3
  • CODEm, Cause of Death Ensemble model.