Table 2

Key findings of selected literature: injury distribution

StudyUpper
limb (%)
Lower
limb (%)
Head (%)Face (%)Chest (%)Abdomen (%)Spine (%)Other
Peer-reviewed publications
Trivedi et al 20191618640621
Störmann et al 2020154736172190
Mitchell et al 20191354251516
Liew et al 202028116Extremities: 33%
External, unspecified: 72%
Kobayashi et al 2019 *12132226
Brownson et al 201911171130Extremities: 55%
Blomberg et al 201942628222833
Beck et al 2019 *189266
Bauer et al 2020101618Head, face, and/or neck: 44%
Torso: 12%
Puzio et al 2020143617181213Multisystem: 12%
Badeau et al 20193220MSK: 70%
Superficial, unspecified: 40%
Namiri et al 20203263232Torso: 10%
Aizpuru et al 20199263528Torso: 11%
Dhillon et al 20202799Extremities: 22%
Craniofacial: 23%
English et al 2020185634183382
Farley et al 20204727
Bresler et al 20192365244Mouth: 7%
Neck: 6%
Ear: 1%
Eye: 1%
Yarmohammadi et al 2020†20100Lateral orbital wall: 56%
Orbital floor: 53%
Orbital roof: 28%
Medial orbital wall: 25%
Jaw: 15%
Nose: 9%
Faraji et al 2020 †211150Mouth: 15%
Ear: 1%
Nose: 8%
Trivedi et al 2019223744232Extremities: 64%
Hennocq et al 2020†24100Forehead: 18%
Nose: 11%
Cheek: 3%
Lips: 28%
Chin: 40%
Kim et al 202025Craniofacial: 49%
Oksanen et al 2020†264Midface: 43%
Mandible: 26%
Skull base: 9%
Shiffler et al 2020194718100Craniofacial: 23%
Siow et al 2020‡2949254Polytrauma: 10%
Ishmael et al 2020‡334458
Nellamattathil and Amber 2020*3115644
Mayhew and Bergin 201930103Extremities: 84%
Head/face: 44%
Grey literature (non-journal reports)
Pearson et al 201935Most common: upper limb, lower limb, head/neck
Hojjat et al 201936
Beck et al 202037Most common: head, upper limb, lower limb.
Chang and Diamond 201938Most common: head/face
Allen et al 2019395636Head/face: 46%
Sedor and Caswell 201940
Austin Public Health Unit 201917705548Chest/abdomen: 18%
City of Santa Monica 201941
Cicchino et al 202034341879Chest, abdomen, or spine: 3%
  • *Reported distribution of fractures.

  • †Reported distribution of craniofacial injuries.

  • ‡Reported distribution of orthopaedic injuries.