Table 1

Summary of research on alcohol-attributable and drug-attributable deaths and fractions

PaperReference yearAlcohol/drug consumption dataAlcohol-attributable deaths (n)/fraction (%)Illegal drug-attributable deaths (n)/fraction (%)
SuicideSuicide
Robson et al241992918
Single et al251992Health Promotion Survey.
Canada’s Alcohol and Other Drugs Survey.
918308
Single et al261995Health Promotion Survey.
Canada’s Alcohol and Other Drugs Survey.
955
27% men, 17% women
329
14% for men, 3% for women
Rehm et al282001Global Alcohol Database.619
18% men, 14% women
Popova et al272002Provincial coroners’ offices.295
5.2% for men, 19.5% for women
Rehm et al292002Canadian Addictions Survey.
Moderate drinking‡.
249 premature deaths*
Patra et al302002Canadian Addictions Survey.
High-volume drinking†.
34790
Taylor et al312005Canadian Alcohol and Drug Use
Monitoring Survey.
Total frequency, binge drinking.
27% (95% CI 13% to 41%)
  • *Deaths before the age of 70 years.

  • †>=40 g alcohol per day for men, ≥20 g of alcohol per day for women.

  • ‡<=39 g of alcohol per day for men, ≤19 g per day for women.