Table 1

Open water drowning deaths and rates by state, 2012–2017

StateMean annual open water drowning death rates per 100 000 relevant population
Total deathsCrude rate, overallCrude rate among non-whitesCrude rate among whitesCrude rate, age 0–17 yearsWater area (%)Rank in overall deaths*Rank in non-white deaths*Rank in 0–17 years age group deaths*
Alabama1920.660.610.680.633.4202511
Alaska731.653.860.711.07†14.2211
Arizona1430.350.700.290.250.3452235
Arkansas1740.981.020.960.852.17127
California10740.460.460.460.194.8363240
Colorado1770.550.40†0.560.320.4293429
Connecticut920.430.44†0.420.24†12.6413336
Delaware170.30†–‡–‡–‡21.748
Florida10120.841.050.780.5818.5131014
Georgia3610.590.540.620.493.2242719
Hawaii2102.472.572.250.60†41.21212
Idaho1021.032.21†0.970.961.1332
Illinois2980.390.490.360.234.1433137
Indiana2040.510.710.490.401.6311926
Iowa1260.671.19†0.630.500.718616
Kansas940.541.030.480.460.6301121
Kentucky1220.460.53†0.450.31†2.3352831
Louisiana2420.870.950.820.6617.5121710
Maine670.84–‡0.820.77†12.8148
Maryland1250.350.310.380.21†21.8443838
Massachusetts1860.460.390.470.20†26.1373539
Michigan3310.560.700.520.4841.5282120
Minnesota1990.610.960.550.448.4231522
Mississippi1660.930.950.910.873.110166
Missouri2240.620.710.600.431.4222024
Montana460.75–‡0.660.96†1.0163
Nebraska490.43–‡0.39–‡0.740
Nevada750.440.39†0.450.27†0.7383634
New Hampshire550.69–‡0.67–‡4.217
New Jersey1860.350.370.340.1815.7463741
New Mexico590.470.990.370.33†0.2341427
New York3520.30.260.310.1713.6494042
North Carolina3100.520.610.480.419.7322425
North Dakota230.52–‡0.38†–‡2.433
Ohio3030.440.520.420.498.8392918
Oklahoma2361.011.100.990.941.9594
Oregon2340.971.470.920.702.4859
Pennsylvania3070.40.290.420.302.8423932
Rhode Island170.27†–‡0.27†–‡33.150–---
South Carolina2550.871.100.770.496.111817
South Dakota300.592.05†0.36†0.87†1.72545
Tennessee2430.620.500.640.432.2213023
Texas9160.560.640.540.322.7262330
Utah590.330.77†0.300.28†3.2471833
Vermont340.91–‡0.86–‡4.26
Virginia2800.560.580.550.327.7272628
Washington4050.951.100.910.556.89715
West Virginia910.82–‡0.81–‡0.815
Wisconsin2270.661.000.610.5817.3191313
Wyoming361.03–‡0.91–‡0.74
  • Shading indicates inclusion in analytic models.

  • *Based on mean annual crude rates, from highest rate to lowest.

  • †Unreliable estimate based on 20 or fewer deaths, age adjustment not available.

  • ‡Indicates <10 deaths during study period, all rates suppressed in table, not included in rankings.