Table 3

Type of drug used in workplace overdose fatality: Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) 2011–2016

Classification*Total (%)
Illicit drugs460 (44)
Opioids not including heroin282 (27)
Prescription drugs not including opioids174 (17)
Multiple drugs68 (7)
Unknown56 (5)
Total1040 (100)
  • Opioids: hydrocodone, fentanyl, methadone, opiate, morphine, oxycodone, oxymorphone, codeine.

  • Prescription drugs not including opioids: amphetamine, benzodiazepine, any prescribed drug.

  • Totals were generated by the authors with restricted access to Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) microdata.

  • *Illicit: methaphetamine, Phencyclidine (PCP), narcotics, cocaine, heroin, bath salts, cannabinoids, any 'illicit' drug.