Table 1

Firearm suicide prevention interventions

LevelInterventionStakeholders involved
SocietalExtreme risk laws such as the Extreme Risk Protection OrderPolicy-makers, law enforcement, prosecutors, judges, family members
Voluntary self-prohibitionPolicy-makers, law enforcement, prosecutors, judges, individuals
Other policies that reduce availability of firearmsPolicy-makers, law enforcement, prosecutors, judges
CommunityGun Shop ProjectGun retailers, ranges and clubs
RelationshipFamily/friends holding onto firearmsFamily members, friends
Lethal means safety counsellingHealthcare providers
IndividualSafer storage
  • Storing firearms and ammunition separately

  • Giving family/friends key to safe with firearms

  • Removing firearms from home