Table 2

Statements generated during the concept mapping brainstorming process including cluster in which the statement fits, mean importance and feasibility ratings, and Go-Zone quadrant for each statement

Cluster statementMean rating (0–5)* forGo-Zone quadrant†
Lack of 11+ knowledge among coaches 3.203.67
 2¶Lack understanding that FIFA 11+ exercises have similar benefits with what they see on TV/social media with the ‘elite’ teams using resistance bands and different exercises in their preactivation warm-up2.533.573
 8Coaches not seeing those at higher levels doing the programme2.712.574
 10Not enough knowledge to facilitate the programme3.593.791
 11Lack of adequate training of coaches and coach educators in injury prevention4.123.931
 12Not being in the national curriculum3.062.931
 16Lack of training in correct technique3.183.861
 19Coaches don’t understand that they can implement this as preactivation exercises 15 min before actual training begins3.353.571
 20Coaches not taking it seriously—particularly physical contact aspect2.882.931
 27Coaching courses don’t teach how to incorporate the 11+ into training session3.884.071
 30Lack of understanding of the benefits3.474.071
 36Not trained in providing the exercises3.244.211
 37Not believing that FIFA 11+ is really any better than the warm-up they have done for years up til now (my players haven’t had any major injuries so I must be doing it right—why change)3.243.711
 40¶No wide recognition that female athletes experience this injury more commonly than men2.413.863
 51Lack of knowledge that it will benefit the players and prevent injuries3.293.931
 52Not informed enough of the cost (time) and benefits (injury prevention)3.124.001
Lack of player enjoyment and engagement 2.552.31
 3The modern player does not understand the importance of getting to training early to allow the time needed to prepare to avoid injury2.472.714
 5The girls lose attention and don’t focus on the exercises, after the initial few2.061.574
 6Getting buy in from the players to use pretraining time to complete warm-up3.062.292
 25Difficult to get it started at the beginning of training, with everybody there on time2.822.074
 28Limited access to players (parents/players unable to arrive 15–20 min prior to training start time to complete)2.712.074
 29Boring for young teenagers to be doing the same thing repetitively throughout the season, that is, 28–36 weeks2.592.364
 31Difficult for coaches to motivate young players—programme is repetitive2.712.574
 32Lack of variety and enjoyment in the programme2.652.794
 34At least 50% of female players are there to socialise1.411.294
 38Varying physical ability levels among groups means some find it too easy and boring while others probably don’t push themselves2.472.644
 39Lack of progression or ‘advanced’ exercises to build up throughout the season2.942.861
 41Coaches want to use age appropriate exercises2.592.504
 53It isn’t fun2.652.004
 58Limited progression over age groups2.532.574
Lack of link to football-related goals 3.102.84
 1**Difficulty prioritising it over ball skills and game training that could create immediate payoffs3.353.361
 13It doesn’t prepare players for learning concepts during the sessions2.472.144
 15**The desire to always have a ball and decision-making used in all warm-ups3.122.502
 23Warm-ups are no longer a focus at lower age groups2.532.504
 24It runs counter to what has been taught in FIFA Advanced Coaching Courses—where warm-ups are stressed as needing to be relevant to the topic of the session3.243.071
 33Coaches don’t know how to incorporate the ball into FIFA 11+ exercises3.413.861
 46Need to balance injury prevention with skill/tactical development3.532.502
 47Competing against ideologies of traditional training3.132.712
 50Coaching courses tell you to have the players on the ball as much as possible3.383.501
 55The actions don’t reflect football playing actions well enough2.352.214
 59Coaches want to focus on game skills and tactics3.592.931
Lack of facilities and resources 2.232.16
 4¶Lack of support personnel1.881.794
 18Discrimination in terms of resources and focus on female players in some clubs/areas2.062.574
 21Clubs lack facilities to educate players and parents (video, projector, social room, etc)2.472.004
 26Tightness of training space allocated2.061.434
 44Lack of space available for coaches to set up training session prior to players arriving (especially when other age groups may be prior) therefore needing to set up while players are expected to complete FIFA 11+ unsupervised2.531.934
 45Lack of measurements in place to know its working—for example, end-of-season or mid-season review of programme3.313.141
 54Lack of resources and equipment1.712.214
 56Female players are not generally looked after as well as the male players1.822.214
Lack of leadership 2.963.36
 7Clubs are not set up to provide the necessary information2.883.211
 22Lack of leadership from representative bodies such as FFV and FIFA3.243.791
 35Lack of support from representative bodies such as FFV and FIFA3.243.791
 43Lack of visible leadership from recognised role models (players) in the sport on value of injury prevention3.353.431
 48Club leadership does not prioritise player welfare2.353.003
 57Club/team culture that undervalues physical/psychological preparation2.712.933
Lack of time at training 2.702.19
 9Preference for players to do it in their own time as homework2.412.144
 14Coaches only train their team twice a week, 75–90 min per session2.181.934
 17††Not believing that the time taken to the perceived benefit is worth it3.353.291
 42More time is required at training for this to be implemented or successful2.761.644
 49It takes too long2.811.934
  • *0 (least important) to 5 (most important).

  • †Go-Zone quadrants: 1, top right; 2, bottom right; 3, top left; 4, bottom left.

  • ‡Fifteen participants rated all 59 statements for importance, one rated 57 and one rated 56 of the 59 statements for importance.

  • §Fourteen participants rated all 59 statements for feasibility.

  • ¶Reassigned from ‘Lack of leadership’ cluster.

  • **Reassigned from ‘Lack of time at training’ cluster.

  • ††Reassigned from ‘Lack of link to football-related goals’ cluster.

  • FFV, Football Federation Victoria; FIFA, Fédération Internationale de Football Association.