Table 2

Priority indicators for the Violence against Children Surveys

IndicatorDescription
P hysical violence
Indicator P1:
physical violence
(last 12 months)
The percent of 13–17 year olds who experienced any physical violence in the last 12 months
Numerator: The number of respondents 13–17 years old who experienced any physical violence in the last 12 months
Denominator: The total number of respondents 13–17 years old
Indicator P2:
physical violence
(childhood prevalence)
The percent of 18–24 year olds who experienced any physical violence prior to age 18
Numerator: The number of respondents 18–24 years old who experienced any physical violence prior to age 18
Denominator: The total number of respondents 18–24 years old
Indicator P3:
physical violence by intimate partner
(last 12 months)
The percent of 13–17 year olds who experienced any physical violence by an intimate partner in the last 12 months
Numerator: The number of respondents 13–17 years old who experienced any physical violence by an intimate partner in the last 12 months
Denominator: The total number of respondents 13–17 years old who have had an intimate partner
Indicator P4:
physical violence by peers
(last 12 months)
The percent of 13–17 year olds who experienced any physical violence by peers in the last 12 months
Numerator: The number of respondents 13–17 years old who experienced any physical violence by peers in the last 12 months
Denominator: The total number of respondents 13–17 years old
Indicator P5:
physical violence by parents, adult caregivers or other adult relatives
(last 12 months)
The percent of 13–17 year olds who experienced any physical violence by parents, adult caregivers or other adult relatives in the last 12 months
Numerator: The number of respondents 13–17 years old who experienced any physical violence by parents, adult caregivers or adult relatives in the last 12 months
Denominator: The total number of respondents 13–17 years old
Indicator P6:
physical violence by adults in the community
(last 12 months)
The percent of 13–17 year olds who experienced any physical violence by adults in their community in the last 12 months
Numerator: The number of respondents 13–17 years old who experienced any physical violence by adults in their community in the last 12 months
Denominator: The total number of respondents 13–17 years old
Indicator P7:
physical violence by Intimate partner (childhood prevalence)
The percent of 18–24 year olds who experienced any physical violence by an intimate partner prior to age 18
Numerator: The number of respondents 18–24 years old who experienced any physical violence by an intimate partner prior to age 18
Denominator: The total number of respondents 18–24 years old who have had an intimate partner
Indicator P8:
physical violence by peers
(childhood prevalence)
The percent of 18–24 year olds who experienced any physical violence by peers prior to age 18
Numerator: The number of respondents 18–24 years old who experienced any physical violence by peers prior to age 18
Denominator: The total number of respondents 18–24 years old
Indicator P9:
physical violence by parents, adult caregivers and other adult relatives (childhood prevalence)
The percent of 18–24 year olds who experienced any physical violence by parents, adult caregivers or other adult relatives prior to age 18
Numerator: The number of respondents 18–24 years old who experienced any physical violence by parents, adult caregivers or other adult relatives prior to age 18
Denominator: The total number of respondents 18–24 years old
Indicator P10:
physical violence by adults in the community (childhood prevalence)
The percent of 18–24 year olds who experienced any physical violence by adults in their community prior to age 18
Numerator: The number of respondents 18–24 years old who experienced any physical violence by adults in their community prior to age 18
Denominator: The total number of respondents 18–24 years old
Indicator P11:
services for physical violence
(last 12 months)
The percent of 13–17 year olds who received services for any incident of physical violence, among 13–17 year-olds who experienced at least one incident of physical violence in the last 12 months
Numerator: The number of respondents 13–17 years old who received services for any incident of physical violence in the last 12 months
Denominator: The total number of respondents 13–17 years old who experienced at least one incident of physical violence in the last 12 months
Indicator P12:
services for physical violence
(childhood prevalence)
The percent of 18–24 year olds who received services for any incident of physical violence, among 18–24 year-olds who experienced at least one incident of physical violence prior to age 18.
Numerator: The number of respondents 18–24 years old who received services for any incident of physical violence prior to age 18
Denominator: The total number of respondents 18–24 years old who experienced at least one incident of physical violence prior to age 18
S exual violence
Indicator S1:
sexual violence
(last 12 months)
The percent of 13–17 year olds who experienced any sexual violence in the last 12 months
Numerator: The number of respondents 13–17 years old who experienced any sexual violence in the last 12 months
Denominator: The total number of respondents 13–17 years old
Indicator S2:
sexual violence
(childhood prevalence)
The percent of 18–24 year olds who experienced any sexual violence prior to age 18
Numerator: The number of respondents 18–24 years old who experienced any sexual violence prior to age 18
Denominator: The total number of respondents 18–24 years old
Indicator S3:
unwanted sexual touching
(last 12 months)
The percent of 13–17 year olds who experienced any unwanted sexual touching in the last 12 months
Numerator: The number of respondents 13–17 years old who experienced any unwanted sexual touching in the last 12 months
Denominator: The total number of respondents 13–17 years old
Indicator S4:
unwanted attempted sex
(last 12 months)
The percent of 13–17 year olds who experienced any unwanted attempted sex in the last 12 months
Numerator: The number of respondents 13–17 years old who experienced any unwanted attempted sex in the last 12 months
Denominator: The total number of respondents 13–17 years old
Indicator S5:
physically forced or pressured sex
(last 12 months)
The percent of 13–17 year olds who experienced any physically forced or pressured sex in the last 12 months
Numerator: The number of respondents 13–17 years old who experienced any physically forced or pressured sex in the last 12 months
Denominator: The total number of respondents 13–17 years old
Indicator S6:
unwanted sexual touching
(childhood prevalence)
The percent of 18–24 year olds who experienced any unwanted sexual touching prior to age 18
Numerator: The number of respondents 18–24 years old who experienced any unwanted sexual touching prior to age 18
Denominator: The total number of respondents 18–24 years old
Indicator S7:
unwanted attempted sex
(childhood prevalence)
The percent of 18–24 year olds who experienced any unwanted attempted sex prior to age 18
Numerator: The number of respondents 18–24 years old who experienced any unwanted attempted sex prior to age 18
Denominator: The total number of respondents 18–24 years old
Indicator S8:
physically forced or pressured sex
(childhood prevalence)
The percent of 18–24 year olds who experienced any physically forced or pressured sex prior to age 18
Numerator: The number of respondents 18–24 years old who experienced any physically forced or pressured sex prior to age 18
Denominator: The total number of respondents 18–24 years old
Indicator S9:
first sexual intercourse was unwanted
The percent of 13–17 year olds who have had sex and whose first experience of sexual intercourse was unwanted
Numerator: The number of respondents 13–17 years old whose first experience of sexual intercourse was unwanted
Denominator: The total number of respondents 13–17 years old who ever had sexual intercourse
Indicator S10:
first sexual intercourse prior to age 18 was unwanted
(childhood prevalence)
The percent of 18–24 year olds who have had sex and whose first experience of sexual intercourse was unwanted prior to age 18
Numerator: The number of respondents 18–24 years old whose first experience of sexual intercourse prior to age 18 was unwanted
Denominator: The total number of respondents 18–24 years old who ever had sexual intercourse prior to age 18
Indicator S11:
knowledge of where to get an HIV test
(last 12 months)
The percent of 13–17 year olds who experienced any sexual violence in the last 12 months and who know where to get an HIV test
Numerator: The number of respondents 13–17 years old who know where to get an HIV test
Denominator: The total number of respondents 13–17 years old who experienced any sexual violence in the last 12 months
Indicator S12:
knowledge of where to get an HIV test (childhood prevalence)
The percent of 18–24 year olds who experienced sexual violence prior to age 18 and who know where to get an HIV test
Numerator: The number of respondents 18–24 years old who know where to get an HIV test
Denominator: The total number of respondents 18–24 years old who experienced any sexual violence prior to age 18
Indicator S13:
received an HIV test (last 12 months)
The percent of 13–17 year olds who experienced any sexual violence in the last 12 months and were tested for HIV
Numerator: The number of respondents 13–17 years old who were tested for HIV
Denominator: The total number of respondents 13–17 years old who experienced any sexual violence in the last 12 months
Indicator S14:
received an HIV test (childhood prevalence)
The percent of 18–24 year olds who experienced sexual violence prior to age 18 and were tested for HIV
Numerator: The number of respondents 18–24 years old who were tested for HIV prior to age 18
Denominator: The total number of respondents 18–24 years old who experienced any sexual violence prior to age 18
Indicator S15:
services for sexual violence
(last 12 months)
The percent of 13–17 year olds who received services for any incident of sexual violence, among 13–17 year olds who experienced sexual violence in the last 12 months
Numerator: The number of respondents 13–17 years old who received services for any incident of sexual violence in the last 12 months
Denominator: The total number of respondents 13–17 years old who experienced at least one incident of sexual violence in the last 12 months
Indicator S16:
services for sexual violence
(childhood prevalence)
The percent of 18–24 year olds who received services for any incident of sexual violence, among 18–24 year olds who experienced sexual violence prior to age 18
Numerator: The number of respondents 18–24 years old who received services for any incident of sexual violence prior to age 18
Denominator: The total number of respondents 18–24 years old who experienced at least one incident of sexual violence prior to age 18
E motional violence*
Indicator E1:
emotional violence by a parent, adult caregiver or other adult relative
(last 12 months)
The percent of 13–17 year olds who experienced any emotional violence by a parent, adult caregiver or other adult relative in the last 12 months
Numerator: The number of respondents 13–17 years old who experienced emotional violence by a parent, adult caregiver or other adult relative in the last 12 months
Denominator: The total number of respondents 13–17 years old
Indicator E2:
emotional violence by a parent, adult caregiver or other adult relative (childhood prevalence)
The percent of 18–24 year olds who experienced any emotional violence by a parent, adult caregiver or other adult relative prior to age 18
Numerator: The number of respondents 18–24 years old who experienced emotional violence by a parent, adult caregiver or other adult relative prior to age 18
Denominator: The total number of respondents 18–24 years old
W itnessing violence
Indicator W1:
witnessing violence at home
(last 12 months)
The percent of 13–17 year olds who witnessed a parent, brother or sister being punched, kicked or beaten in the last 12 months
Numerator: The number of respondents 13–17 years old who witnessed (a) a parent being punched, kicked by another parent, boyfriend or girlfriend and/or (b) a brother or sister being punched, beaten, kicked by a parent in the last 12 months
Denominator: The total number of respondents 13–17 years old
Indicator W2:
witnessing violence outside the home
(last 12 months)
The percent of 13–17 year olds who witnessed someone getting attacked outside of the home and family environment in the last 12 months
Numerator: The number of respondents 13–17 years old who witnessed someone getting attacked outside of the home and family environment in the last 12 months
Denominator: The total number of respondents 13–17 years old
Indicator W3:
witnessing violence at home
(childhood prevalence)
The percent of 18–24 year olds who witnessed a parent, brother, or sister being punched, kicked or beaten prior to age 18
Numerator: The number of respondents 18–24 years old who witnessed (a) a parent being punched, kicked by another parent, boyfriend or girlfriend and/or (b) a brother or sister being punched, beaten, kicked by a parent prior to age 18
Denominator: The total number of respondents 18–24 years old
Indicator W4:
witnessing violence outside the home (childhood prevalence)
The percent of 18–24 year olds who witnessed someone getting attacked outside of the home and family environment prior to age 18
Numerator: The number of respondents 18–24 years old who witnessed someone getting attacked outside of home and family environment prior to age 18
Denominator: The total number of respondents 18–24 years old
  • *While there is no consensus definition of emotional violence, this construct has been operationalised for VACS by consolidating answers to three stem questions that inquire about the individual being told at different times that they were not loved or did not deserve to be loved, times when the perpetrator told the respondent that they wished the respondent had never been born, or times when the respondent had been ridiculed or put down verbally by a perpetrator.