Table 5

Facilitators and barriers identified at the implementation phase

 Management and collaboration
  • Definition of milestones at outset

  • Strategic indicators put in place in business plan

  • Detailed project costs set out from beginning

  • Mixed research methods (surveys, case studies, etc)

  • Minutes/agendas of all meetings

  • Possible risks identified and monitored in advance

  • Data collected throughout scheme

  • Role of external company, sponsor or organisation with own evaluation requirements

  • Poor coordination

  • Lack of process evaluation

  • Infrastructure

  • Availability of data

Lack of funding
  • Lack of personnel

  • Lack of sufficiently trained personnel

  • Lack of infrastructure

  • Time-consuming process

  • Lack of international comparator

  • Lack of routine data collection

  • No data to control for external factors

  • No data to evaluate change in attitudes/awareness

  • Short time frame of activities

  • Support from ministry

  • Evaluation requirements from external organisations

 Nature of the intervention
  • Preceding research (eg, needs assessment during adoption phase)

  • Challenges regarding accessibility of the target population for monitoring (eg, illiteracy)

  • Diverse groups using intervention

 Nature of the injury problem
  • Nature of injury—low mortality/minor injuries

 Analysis and interpretation
  • Difficulties establishing intervention effectiveness due to complexity

  • Comparability of results

  • Complexities in data treatment for (multiple user types, or data sources)

  • Difficult to transform data for policy making