Table 1

Calculated results

DataInjury measureExposure measureExponent for growth in injuries95% Confidence interval
Walking in 68 California citiesInjuries/capitaPortion journey to work trips on foot0.410.27 to 0.54
Bicycling in 68 California citiesInjuries/capitaPortion journey to work trips on bicycle0.310.22 to 0.41
Walking in 47 Danish townsInjuries/capitaKilometres walked/capita/day0.36−0.10 to 0.82
Bicycling in 47 Danish townsInjuries/capitaKilometres bicycled/capita/day0.440.19 to 0.69
Bicycling in 14 European countriesFatalities/capitaKilometres bicycled/capita/day0.400.38 to 0.42
Walking in 8 European countriesFatalities/capitaTrips on foot/capita/day0.13−0.71 to 0.98
Bicycling in 8 European countriesFatalities/capitaTrips on bicycle/capita/day0.480.22 to 0.75
Bicycling in the United Kingdom:FatalitiesBillion kilometres ridden annually
 1950–730.410.35 to 0.47
 1974–830.012−0.25 to 0.28
 1984–991.51.11 to 1.88
Bicycling in the Netherlands, 1980–98FatalitiesBillion kilometres ridden annually−1.9−2.7 to −1.1