TableĀ 1

Effect of gun ownership level on age-adjusted firearm homicide rate

Proxy variableIncidence rate ratio* (95% CI)p Value
FS/S1.010 (1.006 to 1.014)p<0.001
New proxy1.011 (1.006 to 1.017)p<0.001
  • *Final model includes fixed effects for year, is adjusted for clustering within states, and controls only for state-level factors that are significant in the model at the 0.05 level.

  • FS/S, firearm suicides divided by all suicides