Table 2

Acute intoxication (BAC≥0.08 g/dL) among suicide decedents before (2005–2007), during (2008–2009) and after (2010–2011) the economic downturn, National Violent Death Reporting System

Per cent BAC≥0.08 g/dL (95% CI)Per cent change (95% CI)
2005–2007
(n=18 888)
2008–2009
(n=13 419)
2010–2011
(n=13 475)
2008–2009 vs
2005–2007
2010–2011 vs
2005–2007
2010–2011 vs
2008–2009
All suicides22.2 (21.6 to 22.8)23.8 (23.1 to 24.5)24.1 (23.4 to 24.8)7 (6 to 8)8 (7 to 9)1 (0 to 2)
Male23.6 (22.9 to 24.3)25.5 (24.7 to 26.4)25.4 (24.6 to 26.3)8 (7 to 9)8 (6 to 9)−1 (−2 to 1)
 20–44 years28.3 (27.2 to 29.3)30.8 (29.5 to 32.2)29.8 (28.4 to 31.1)9 (7 to 11)5 (4 to 7)−4 (−5 to −2)
 45–64 years23.8 (22.6 to 25.0)25.4 (24.0 to 26.7)26.5 (25.2 to 27.9)7 (5 to 8)12 (10 to 13)5 (3 to 7)
 65 years+7.3 (6.3 to 8.5)8.9 (7.5 to 10.5)9.1 (7.8 to 10.7)22 (20 to 24)24 (23 to 26)2 (0 to 4)
 White23.7 (23.0 to 24.5)25.5 (24.5 to 26.4)25.4 (24.5 to 26.3)7 (6 to 8)7 (6 to 8)0 (−2 to 1)
 Black16.3 (14.2 to 18.6)20.1 (17.4 to 23.2)17.6 (14.8 to 20.8)24 (20 to 28)8 (5 to 12)−13 (−17 to −8)
 AI/AN39.8 (33.6 to 46.4)46.7 (38.9 to 54.7)47.6 (39.7 to 55.7)17 (7 to 28)20 (9 to 30)2 (−9 to 13)
 Asian/PI14.2 (10.0 to 19.6)20.0 (14.7 to 26.7)13.2 (8.8 to 19.4)41 (34 to 49)−7 (−14 to 0)−34 (−42 to −26)
 Hispanic29.7 (26.6 to 33.0)30.9 (26.9 to 35.2)32.1 (28.3 to 36.2)4 (−1 to 9)8 (3 to 13)4 (−2 to 10)
Female17.5 (16.4 to 18.7)17.8 (16.4 to 19.2)19.8 (18.4 to 21.2)1 (0 to 3)13 (11 to 15)11 (9 to 13)
 20–44 years21.0 (19.3 to 23.0)19.4 (17.4 to 21.7)23.9 (21.7 to 26.3)−8 (−11 to −5)14 (11 to 17)23 (20 to 26)
 45–64 years16.4 (14.7 to 18.1)18.3 (16.3 to 20.5)18.7 (16.8 to 20.9)12 (9 to 15)14 (12 to 17)2 (−1 to 5)
 65 years+6.7 (4.7 to 9.5) 8.3 (5.7 to 12.0)7.2 (4.8 to 10.6)24 (20 to 28)7 (4 to 11)−13 (−18 to −9)
 White17.6 (16.4 to 18.9)17.8 (16.3 to 19.3)19.4 (17.9 to 20.9)1 (−1 to 3)10 (8 to 12)9 (7 to 11)
 Black10.8 (7.3 to 15.7)15.1 (10.1 to 21.8)16.8 (11.3 to 24.2)40 (32 to 47)55 (48 to 63)11 (3 to 20)
 AI/AN40.4 (28.5 to 53.5)27.5 (17.0 to 41.2)40.0 (27.5 to 54.0)−32 (−50 to −14)−1 (−19 to 18)46 (27 to 64)
 Asian/PI8.2 (4.1 to 15.5)11.6 (6.5 to 19.7)12.7 (7.0 to 22.0)42 (33 to 50)55 (46 to 64)9 (0 to 19)
 Hispanic21.9 (16.1 to 28.9)23.5 (16.1 to 32.9)27.6 (20.7 to 35.8)7 (−3 to 18)26 (16 to 36)18 (6 to 29)
  • Per cent change=((rate periodn+1–rate periodn)/rate periodn)×100.

  • AI/AN, American Indian/Alaska Native; Asian/PI, Asian/Pacific Islander; BAC, blood alcohol content.