Table 4

Predicted probabilities of gang affiliation for youth with various combinations of the significant protective factors and risk level

Protective factorsLow riskHigh risk
Neither parental monitoring nor coping skillsA0.10B0.26
Parental monitoring aloneC0.05D0.15
Coping skills aloneE0.03F0.10
Both parental monitoring and coping skillsG0.02H0.05
Comparisons of probabilities
Low riskHigh riskHigh risk × Low risk
  • Low risk=0–2 risk factors. High risk=3–6 risk factors. To compare the predicted probabilities, Fisher's exact tests were used with a Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons.

  • *p<0.05, **p<0.01.