Table 1

Firearm exposure and firearm-related behaviours by state of residence and demographic characteristics

CharacteristicAny firearms at homeLoaded, unlocked firearm at homeDrive/ride in vehicle with loaded firearm
N (%)OR (95% CI)N (%)OR (95% CI)N (%)OR (95% CI)
State
 Alaska984 (67.2)5.95 (5.23 to 6.80)180 (18.4)1.57 (1.20 to 2.07)144 (14.7)3.13 (2.20 to 4.47)
 Colorado632 (37.0)1.70 (1.50 to 1.92)90 (14.5)1.11 (0.81 to 1.52)73 (11.7)2.30 (1.56 to 3.39)
 Hawaii291 (13.5)0.81 (0.72 to 0.92)29 (10.2)0.76 (0.50 to 1.16)9 (3.1)0.86 (0.49 to 1.49)
 Mississippi913 (59.3)4.51 (3.98 to 5.11)212 (23.6)2.05 (1.56 to 2.68)220 (24.4)5.61 (3.97 to 7.93)
 New Hampshire440 (30.7)1.38 (1.21 to 1.58)47 (10.8)0.88 (0.61 to 1.25)41 (9.4)1.94 (1.26 to 2.98)
 New Jersey370 (15.6)0.52 (0.46 to 0.59)37 (10.3)0.74 (0.50 to 1.09)34 (9.3)1.89 (1.20 to 2.97)
 North Dakota892 (50.1)3.51 (3.11 to 3.96)57 (6.5)0.57 (0.42 to 0.78)53 (6.0)1.27 (0.86 to 1.87)
 Ohio651 (21.4)Referent83 (13.0)Referent33 (5.2)Referent
Age
 18–24345 (27.0)1.46 (1.24 to 1.71)34 (9.9)0.80 (0.50 to 1.27)57 (16.7)5.00 (2.80 to 8.90)
 25–34933 (31.6)1.78 (1.55 to 2.04)116 (12.6)0.98 (0.66 to 1.46)145 (15.6)4.80 (2.82 to 8.18)
 35–441310 (35.7)1.99 (1.74 to 2.27)152 (11.7)0.92 (0.63 to 1.35)168 (12.9)3.89 (2.30 to 6.59)
 45–541091 (40.0)2.41 (2.10 to 2.77)198 (18.4)1.42 (0.98 to 2.06)124 (11.5)3.37 (1.98 to 5.74)
 55–64705 (40.5)2.28 (1.96 to 2.64)116 (16.7)1.26 (0.85 to 1.86)69 (9.9)2.85 (1.64 to 4.95)
 65–74513 (28.3)1.45 (1.25 to 1.69)78 (15.7)1.05 (0.69 to 1.59)33 (6.6)1.60 (0.89 to 2.89)
 75+260 (20.7)Referent37 (14.6)Referent7 (2.8)Referent
Sex
 Male2768 (42.9)1.89 (1.77 to 2.02)507 (18.5)2.14 (1.83 to 2.52)419 (15.3)1.84 (1.56 to 2.19)
 Female2405 (26.6)Referent228 (9.7)Referent188 (7.9)Referent
Race
 Black250 (21.0)0.51 (0.45 to 0.58)50 (20.1)1.56 (1.14 to 2.13)34 (13.8)1.10 (0.76 to 1.60)
 Hispanic169 (20.6)0.51 (0.44 to 0.60)26 (15.6)1.11 (0.74 to 1.68)18 (10.8)0.83 (0.51 to 1.35)
 Other408 (23.4)0.63 (0.57 to 0.70)43 (10.7)0.75 (0.55 to 1.01)36 (8.8)0.81 (0.59 to 1.12)
 White4340 (37.1)Referent616 (14.4)Referent518 (12.1)Referent
CharacteristicCarry firearm for protection against peopleConfront another person with firearmAttend firearm safety workshop
N (%)OR (95% CI)N (%)OR (95% CI)N (%)OR (95% CI)
State
 Alaska25 (2.6)0.96 (0.55 to 1.66)9 (0.9)2.93 (1.18 to 7.24)101 (10.3)1.00 (0.73 to 1.38)
 Colorado14 (2.2)0.83 (0.44 to 1.54)3 (0.5)1.89 (0.70 to 5.14)71 (11.3)1.11 (0.78 to 1.57)
 Hawaii5 (1.7)0.68 (0.30 to 1.55)4 (1.4)3.37 (0.98 to 11.60)65 (22.5)2.48 (1.71 to 3.60)
 Mississippi81 (8.9)3.44 (2.12 to 5.59)9 (1.0)3.86 (1.55 to 9.61)54 (5.9)0.62 (0.44 to 0.89)
 New Hampshire27 (6.2)2.14 (1.20 to 3.83)2 (0.5)1.55 (0.52 to 4.65)51 (11.7)1.13 (0.77 to 1.66)
 New Jersey16 (4.3)1.62 (0.85 to 3.08)6 (1.6)3.70 (1.19 to 11.48)70 (19.1)2.00 (1.39 to 2.86)
 North Dakota10 (1.1)0.62 (0.34 to 1.12)2 (0.2)1.56 (0.63 to 3.85)62 (7.0)0.68 (0.48 to 0.97)
 Ohio25 (3.9)Referent3 (0.5)Referent69 (10.7)Referent
Age
 18–2420 (5.8)3.66 (1.52 to 8.80)7 (2.0)8.09 (1.83 to 35.84)79 (23.0)6.39 (3.50 to 11.67)
 25–3456 (6.0)3.89 (1.75 to 8.65)14 (1.5)8.29 (2.17 to 31.64)153 (16.4)4.32 (2.44 to 7.68)
 35–4452 (4.0)2.66 (1.20 to 5.90)10 (0.8)3.97 (1.06 to 14.80)144 (11.0)2.70 (1.52 to 4.78)
 45–5441 (3.8)2.45 (1.10 to 5.48)3 (0.3)1.63 (0.44 to 5.96)98 (9.0)2.16 (1.20 to 3.86)
 55–6422 (3.1)1.94 (0.84 to 4.52)1 (0.1)1.20 (0.31 to 4.62)43 (6.1)1.44 (0.78 to 2.67)
 65–748 (1.6)0.87 (0.35 to 2.16)2 (0.4)0.57 (0.15 to 2.12)15 (3.0)0.63 (0.32 to 1.27)
 75+3 (1.2)Referent0 (0.0)Referent10 (3.9)Referent
Sex
 Male157 (5.7)2.26 (1.70 to 3.02)30 (1.1)1.25 (0.77 to 2.05)398 (14.5)2.38 (1.96 to 2.87)
 Female46 (1.9)Referent8 (0.3)Referent145 (6.1)Referent
Race
 Black27 (10.8)3.21 (2.10 to 4.90)4 (1.6)3.21 (1.23 to 8.40)17 (6.8)0.70 (0.44 to 1.11)
 Hispanic4 (2.4)0.69 (0.30 to 1.61)4 (2.4)3.53 (1.17 to 10.67)32 (18.9)2.05 (1.39 to 3.04)
 Other8 (2.0)0.73 (0.42 to 1.26)5 (1.2)2.60 (1.14 to 5.97)42 (10.3)1.04 (0.76 to 1.44)
 White164 (3.8)Referent25 (0.6)Referent452 (10.5)Referent