Table 1

Helmet prevalence in non-motorised recreational vehicles by gender, age, location and equipment type

Helmet present (%)No helmet (%)p ValueTotal no.
Gender<0.001
 Male1743 (43.5)2268 (56.5)4011
 Female1159 (58.3)830 (41.7)1989
 Unknown23 (63.9)13 (36.1)36
Age*<0.001
 Child94 (77.1)28 (22.9)122
 Adolescent58 (25.2)172 (74.8)230
 Adult2773 (48.8)2911 (51.2)5684
Site type<0.001
 Commuter1763 (58.4)1254 (41.6)3017
 Midday665 (33.5)1321 (66.5)1986
 Recreational497 (48.1)536 (51.9)1033
 Stunt12 (30.8)27 (69.2)39
Equipment<0.001
 Bicycle2894 (50.1)2888 (49.9)5782
  Child83 (80.6)20 (19.4)103
  Adolescent58 (32.9)118 (67.1)176
  Adult2753 (50.0)2750 (50.0)5503
 Push scooter4 (30.77)9 (69.23)13
  Child4 (33.3)8 (66.7)12
  Adolescent0 (0.00)0 (0.00)0
  Adult0 (0.00)1 (100.0)1
 Inline skates21 (12.80)143 (87.20)164
  Child1 (100.0)0 (0.00)1
  Adolescent0 (0.00)9 (100.0)9
  Adult20 (13.0)134 (87.0)154
 Skateboard6 (7.79)71 (92.21)77
  Child6 (100.0)0 (0.00)6
  Adolescent0 (0.00)45 (100.0)45
  Adult0 (0.00)26 (100.0)26
Municipality0.22
 Metro Toronto and area2873 (48.6)3042 (51.4)5915
 Non-Toronto52 (43.0)69 (57.0)121
Total2925 (48.5)3111 (51.5)6036
  • p Values calculated using χ2 tests.

  • * Age observations were stratified by appearance as child (prepubescent), adolescent (pubescent to <18) and adult (≥18).

  • Recreational figures include ‘stunt’ observations, but stunt observations have also been listed separately, for interest.

  • Non-Toronto includes Barrie and Niagara-On-The-Lake.