Table 1

Baseline characteristics of study subjects according to group allocation; values are number (%) unless stated otherwise

CharacteristicIntervention group (n=302)Control group (n=298)
*Barthel index score.8
†The mental status score is the numbers of errors on the Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire.9
‡As measured by the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 12 health status measure.10
§Carer involved means that the participant had a family member, friend, or carer who was in regular (weekly or greater) contact with the participant.
MCS, Mental Composite Score; PCS, Physical Composite Score.
Mean (SD) age (years)83.2 (5.1)83.0 (4.9)
Mean (SD) weight (kg)59.0 (15.6)58.6 (11.9)
Fracture history
    Hip fracture76 (25)76 (26)
    Other fracture174 (58)176 (59)
Falls in past year
    196 (32)98 (33)
    284 (28)106 (36)
    >2122 (40)94 (32)
History of stroke44 (15)54 (18)
History of Parkinson’s disease15 (5)9 (3)
Hormone replacement therapy use (ever)34 (11)33 (11)
Psychotropic medication use (current)52 (17)49 (16)
Cigarette smoker (ever)118 (39)104 (35)
Activities of daily living score*
    100195 (64)173 (58)
    9551 (17)55 (19)
    9021 (7)33 (11)
    >9035 (12)37 (12)
Mental state questionnaire (errors)†
    0148 (49)136 (46)
    147 (16)74 (25)
    254 (18)51 (17)
    >253 (17)37 (12)
Self rated health
    Excellent18 (6)23 (8)
    Very good76 (25)67 (23)
    Good113 (38)114 (39)
    Fair72 (24)69 (23)
    Poor21 (7)21 (7)
Health related quality of life‡
    Mean (SD) PCS score38.3 (11.2)36.8 (11.5)
    Mean (SD) MCS score51.3 (9.3)51.6 (9.1)
Carer involved§226 (75)214 (72)
Location when recruited
    Hospital51 (17)48 (16)
    Community251 (83)250 (84)