Table 1

Characteristics and results of studies promoting safe firearm storage

InvestigatorsStudy designSampleInterventionOutcomeResults
Grossman et al (2000)13Randomized controlled trialFamilies visiting a staff model health maintenance organization in Washington (n=1295)Control group → usual practice Intervention group without gun → counseling and pamphlet Intervention group with gun → counseling, safe storage information packet, and storage device couponChanges in self reported events: (1) acquisition of safe storage device, (2) removal of gun from home, and (3) acquisition of gunsNo significant differences between intervention and control groups in: (1) rate of acquisition of new guns (2) removal of guns
Coyne-Beasley et al (2001)14One group, before and afterAdult gun owners in North Carolina (n=112)Tailored education message by health professional, gun safety information packet, and free cable gun lock distributionSelf reported firearm storage practices(1) Those who stored gun a locked compartment increased (p<0.05) (2) Those who reported using gun locks increased (p<0.05) (3) Participants with children were more likely to store gun safely after counseling (p<0.05)
Horn (1999)15One group, before and afterAdult gun owners in Alaska (n=40)Distribution of 1 gun safe and 1 trigger lock per household in association with safety messageFirearm storage practices assessed at unannounced home visit with visual inspection by author(1) 78% (29 of 37) of participants were using the gun safe correctly to store firearms (2) 30% of trigger locks were being utilized by participants
Brent et al (2000)16One group, before and afterParents of adolescents with major depression in Pennsylvania (n=106)Education message about the risk of firearms in home and recommendations for removal and safe storageRates of gun removal and gun acquisition(1) Of those who had guns at intake, 26.9% reported removing them by the end of the acute trial (2) Of those who did not have guns at intake, 17.1% reported acquiring them over 2 year follow up
Oatis et al (1999)17One group, before and afterParents of pediatric patients at an urban pediatric practice in the Midwest (n=1617)Educational message based on STOP program of the American Academy of PediatricsSelf reported change in gun ownership and firearm storage methods(1) Gun ownership decreased after the intervention (p=0.1) (2) Handgun ownership decreased (p=0.1) (3) Long gun ownership decreased (p=0.8) (4) Storing gun outside of a locked container did not change (p=1.0) (5) Keeping any gun loaded decreased (p=0.3)
Kruesi et al (1999)18One group, after onlyAdults whose children made an emergency department visit for mental health assessment at a rural Midwestern hospital (n=103)Means restricted education to limit youth access to lethal means for suicideSelf report of caretaker action to limit access to gun, that is, locking gun in a locked compartment or with trigger lock, or removing gun from the home(1) 5 of 8 adults who had firearm in home took action to limit access (p≤0.05) (2) 2 of 8 disposed of the gun (p≤0.05) (3) 3 of 8 locked up the gun (p≤0.05)
Coyne-Beasley and Johnson (2001)19One group, after onlyLaw enforcement officers in the South (n=103)Free keyed cable gun locksSelf reported use of gun lock65% reported they were not using the gun lock they collected