Table 2

Trends in child injury from included studies

Author (year of publication)Trend in unintentional injury mortality
All cause injury mortalityRTIBurns/firesDrowningFallsPoisoningOther
High income countries
 Birken (2006) Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image Suffocation Embedded Image
 Edwards (2006) Embedded Image
 Flanagan (2005) Embedded Image
 Guyer (2000) Embedded Image
 Jansson (2006) Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image
 Johansson (2005) Embedded Image Embedded Image
 Kivist (2009) Embedded Image 0–4 years, Embedded Image 5–15 years
 Lantto (2008) Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image
 Li (2001) Embedded Image
 Lie (1990) Embedded Image , except 15 years, 19 years where Embedded Image Embedded Image , except 15–19 years where Embedded Image
 Lunetta (1998) Embedded Image
 Lunetta (2004) Embedded Image
 Mattila (2005) Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image boys, Embedded Image girls
 Nakahara (2002) Embedded Image
 Olson (1990) Embedded Image but ethnic disparities Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image Aspiration Embedded Image
 Pan (2006, 2007) Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image
 Pakkari (2000) Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image
 Pearson (2009) Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image boys, Embedded Image girls
 Peck (2007) Embedded Image ; Embedded Image or Embedded Image in some former USSR countries Embedded Image ; Embedded Image or Embedded Image in some former USSR countries Embedded Image ; Embedded Image or Embedded Image in some former USSR countries Embedded Image ; Embedded Image or Embedded Image in some former USSR countries Embedded Image ; Embedded Image or Embedded Image in some former USSR countries
 Pressley (2007) Embedded Image but ethnic disparities Embedded Image Embedded Image but ethnic disparities Embedded Image except pedestrian deaths Embedded Image and ethnic disparities Embedded Image Embedded Image but ethnic disparities Embedded Image Embedded Image and ethnic disparities Embedded Image Embedded Image but ethnic disparities Embedded Image for firearms and unintentional suffocation
 Schlueter (2004) Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image
 Singh (1996) Embedded Image Embedded Image
 Singh (2007) Embedded Image but socioeconomic disparities Embedded Image
Middle income countries
 Chien (2010) Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image Earthquake trauma Embedded Image
 Danilla (2004) Embedded Image but least for 15–19 years
 Lu (1998) Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image 10–14 years, Embedded Image 15–19 years Embedded Image
 Mujkic (2008) Embedded Image Weapon related Embedded Image
 Strukcinskeine (2008a, 2008b) Embedded Image Embedded Image 0–14 years Embedded Image 15–19 years Embedded Image Embedded Image
  • Trends symbols: Embedded Image =falling; Embedded Image =stable (no significant change); Embedded Image =rising; Embedded Image =variable; blank=not reported. The study by Peck (2007) reports data from 20 countries, both high and middle income, with trends varying between countries.