Table 2

Type of injury and body region affected; values are number (%)

Type of injuryMales* (n=427†)Females* (n=1323†)Significance (p value‡)
*Columns represent no of cases and % of gender group. The unit of analysis is the injury so that a person with multiple injuries may be counted more than once.
†There were four cases (two males, two females) with missing injury data.
‡Differences for nature of injury between males and females were examined using χ2 tests.
§Superficial wounds include abrasions, contusions, and lacerations to the skin.
NS = not significant at the p<0.05 level.
    Skull11 (2.6)11 (0.8)0.005
    Face12 (2.8)13 (1.0)0.006
    Spine20 (4.7)39 (2.9)NS
    Ribs30 (7.0)24 (1.8)0.000
    Upper limb44 (10.3)218 (16.5)0.002
    Lower limb281 (65.8)967 (73.1)0.004
        Hip192 (45.0)655 (49.5)NS
Joint dislocations/sprains
    Spine5 (1.2)7 (0.5)NS
    Upper limb13 (3.0)23 (1.7)NS
    Lower limb12 (2.8)55 (4.2)NS
Superficial wounds§
    Head53 (12.4)130 (9.8)NS
    Trunk9 (2.1)9 (0.7)0.011
    Upper limb46 (10.8)77 (5.8)0.000
    Lower limb29 (6.8)83 (6.3)NS
    Multiple sites12 (2.8)27 (2.0)NS
Head injuries74 (17.3)159 (12.0)0.005
    Intracranial29 (6.8)49 (3.7)0.007