Table 3

Crude and adjusted odds ratios for handgun purchase within one year of death among Californians age 21 and older who died from selected injury causes in 1998, compared with persons who died from non-injury causes

No exposed/No unexposedOdds ratios (95% confidence intervals)
Cause of deathCasesControlsUnadjustedAdjusted*p Value
*Adjusted for age, sex, race, education, and marital status.
†Combines homicide and suicide.
Intentional violence†197/4495369/208 36924.7 (20.8 to 29.5)10.7 (8.6 to 13.4)<0.001
Any gun injury185/2499369/208 36941.8 (34.9 to 50.1)19.3 (15.4 to 24.2)<0.001
Suicide179/2856369/208 36935.4 (29.5 to 42.5)12.5 (10.0 to 15.6)<0.001
Gun suicide167/1379369/208 36968.4 (56.5 to 82.7)22.7 (18.2 to 28.4)<0.001
Non-gun suicide12/1477369/208 3694.6 (2.6 to 8.2)1.6 (0.9 to 3.0)0.130
Homicide18/1639369/208 3696.2 (3.9 to 10.0)3.9 (2.2 to 6.8)<0.001
Gun homicide15/1087369/208 3697.8 (4.6 to 13.1)5.8 (3.1 to 10.8)<0.001
Non-gun homicide3/552369/208 3693.1 (1.0 to 9.6)1.8 (0.6 to 5.9)0.308
Gun unintentional3/33369/208 36951.3 (15.7 to 168.1)19.6 (5.4 to 70.5)<0.001