Table 2

Crude and adjusted odds ratios for handgun purchase within three years of death among Californians age 21 and older who died from selected injury causes in 1998, compared with persons who died from non-injury causes

No exposed/No unexposedOdds ratios (95% confidence intervals)
Cause of deathCasesControlsUnadjustedAdjusted*p Value
*Adjusted for age, sex, race, education, and marital status.
†Combines homicide and suicide.
Intentional violence†269/4423887/207 85114.3 (12.4 to 16.4)5.7 (4.8 to 6.8)<0.001
Any gun injury252/2432887/207 85124.3 (21.0 to 28.1)10.2 (8.5 to 12.2)<0.001
Suicide237/2798887/207 85119.8 (17.1 to 23.0)6.8 (5.7 to 8.1)<0.001
Gun suicide220/1326887/207 85138.9 (33.2 to 45.5)12.5 (10.4 to 15.0)<0.001
Non-gun suicide17/1472887/207 8512.7 (1.7 to 4.4)0.9 (0.6 to 1.6)0.814
Homicide32/1625887/207 8514.6 (3.2 to 6.6)2.4 (1.6 to 3.7)<0.001
Gun homicide26/1076887/207 8515.7 (3.8 to 8.4)3.3 (2.1 to 5.3)<0.001
Non-gun homicide6/549887/207 8512.6 (1.1 to 5.7)1.3 (0.6 to 2.9)0.551
Gun unintentional6/30887/207 85146.9 (19.5 to 112.9)18.5 (7.0 to 48.6)<0.001