Table 3

Risk factors for dog bite injury: person factors

Source and dateStudy designChildren over-representedMales over-representedBody part injuredVictim known to dog
ED = emergency department.
Ashby, 199610 (Australia)ED surveillance, n=1916YesYes51% child face/head; 33% adults hand
Flores et al, 199712 (Canada)ED surveillance, telephone follow up, n=385YesYes74% 1–4 years face/head 68% adults arms/legs71.2%
Gerschman et al, 199419 (US)Case-control study non-household members, n=178 pairsYesYes
Jarrett, 199137 (UK)Case series in EDYes
Shewell and Nancarrow, 199138 (UK)Case series in plastic surgery practice (1982–89), n=146YesNo
Patrick and O'Rourke, 199828 (US)Random sample of animal control surveillance data, El Paso, Texas, n=300YesYes
Avner and Baker, 199139 (US)Case series of children attending hospital, n=168Yes77%
Thompson, 199726 (Australia)ED surveillance, n=356 (dog attacks) and population survey, n=3093YesYes90% child admissions head/face