Table 1

Risk and protective factors associated with the Safe Living Program (SLP)

Safe Living Program strategyChange in risk and protective factors
Sales of subsidised smoke detectors to targeted pensioner households 1991–92By 1993, 11% of targeted pensioner households had subsidised smoke detectors compared with 3% of non-targeted pensioner households
For all households, no detectable difference in presence of smoke detectors between shires
Establishment of approved child restraint fitting stationFitting of approximately 50 restraints per year and checking of about 100
School playground equipment auditImplementation of 57% of 452 audit recommendations in 93% (15) of schools
Child safety courses conducted by Train the Trainer course participantsBy 1993, 25 child safety courses had been conducted reaching 185 community residents
Trial of local footpath cycling legislationRegulation introduced as result of SLP advocacy. Footpath cycling increased significantly (47% to 56%, p<0.01) between 1991 and 1992
Bicycle helmet wearingWearing rates in targeted area of Bulla increased from 40% in 1991 to 68% by 1993
Increased promotion of use of the existing Early Childhood Injury Prevention Program (ECIPP)Distribution of 3000 ECIPP parent materials in Bulla compared with 500 in Melton in 1993 (program available statewide)
Use of municipal handyman services for senior citizensNumber of safety jobs conducted by the service in Bulla increased from 20 in a three month period in 1992 to 40 in the same period in 1993 (for example, grab rails, shower hoses, modifications, special equipment, white edging on steps)
Hot water temperature reductions27% of Bulla residents knew that hot water should be <50°C to prevent scalding compared with 9.5% in Melton in 1996
Home safety packageThe 1991 telephone survey indicated 5.4% of Bulla households made changes in the year after receiving the package
0.3% made changes in the two months after the 1996 distribution of the package
Road safety auditImplementation of 47% of audit recommendations