Table 1

Interventions classified by Haddon's matrix, strategic models, and applied concepts in social learning (cognitive) theory

InterventionsHaddon's matrix, cell number(s)17Active or passive8Health education model15Concept(s) in social learning (cognitive) theory16 applied
Injury prevention group to promote programs in communityAllActive and passivePreventive, radical/political, self empowermentSocial and physical environment
Relevant local private and public organisations promote child safety (Red Cross, women's organisations)1, 2, 3, 5, 7Active and passiveAll threeSocial environment
Media strategy describing local child burn injury problem, distribution of burn injury data with free texts (table 2)1, 2, 3, 5, 7Active, may lead to passiveAll threeExpectations and expectancies
Promotion of tap water thermostat setting at 55°C through media and individual counseling2, 5Active, may lead to passivePreventive, self empowermentPhysical environment
Promotion of the availability of cooker safeguards in stores selling electric stoves3PassivePreventive, self empowermentPhysical environment
Promotion of the purchase and installation of cooker safeguards in homes2, 5Active, may lead to passivePreventive, self empowermentPhysical environment
Promotion of increased parental vigilance in putative burn risk situations (through items appearing in local media and parental counseling by public health nurses and doctors)1ActivePreventive, self empowermentBehavioral capability
Promotion of parental skills in giving first aid after burns have occurred (cooling of burned body areas)7ActiveSelf empowermentBehavioral capability
Data feedback to parents of small children via media and health services showing local ability to cope with child burn injury problem, long term, increasing individual and community perception of coping skills4ActiveSelf empowermentSelf efficacy, positive reinforcement/reward