Table 3

Multivariate relative risk comparing selected injury characteristics among snowboarders only and skiers only, injured in terrain parks versus slopes at two western ski areas, 2000–05

SnowboardersSkiers
% with outcomeMultivariate*% with outcomeMultivariate*
Slopes (N=5945)Park (N=3328)RR (95% CI)Slopes (N=4883)Park (N=625)RR (95% CI)
Type of injury
 Fracture38.641.31.0 (1.01 to 1.15)18.932.21.35 (1.15 to 1.57)
 Concussion7.814.51.59 (1.36 to 1.85)5.015.52.13 (1.61 to 2.82)
 Sprain/strain/dislocation48.338.60.90 (0.84 to 0.95)66.040.50.76 (0.69 to 0.84)
 Abrasion/laceration/bruise20.022.11.00 (0.90 to 1.10)20.525.40.96 (0.82 to 1.12)
Location of injury
 Head10.515.31.26 (1.10 to 1.45)6.917.01.70 (1.32 to 2.18)
 Face3.76.21.16 (0.93 to 1.44)5.712.21.53 (1.15 to 2.02)
 Neck2.52.71.15 (0.83 to 1.59)1.92.71.12 (0.61 to 2.06)
 Back5.611.31.92 (1.61 to 2.29)4.110.62.20 (1.58 to 3.07)
 Chest/abdomen4.35.91.18 (0.94 to 1.47)3.73.70.74 (0.45 to 1.20)
 Lower extremity/hip23.419.50.84 (0.76 to 0.93)60.235.40.72 (0.65 to 0.81)
 Upper extremity/shoulder56.149.80.93 (0.89 to 0.98)23.329.11.03 (0.88 to 1.20)
Taken to hospital53.263.51.07 (1.02 to 1.11)50.360.31.09 (1.01 to 1.18)
  • * Multivariate model includes adjustments for ski area, season, sex, age, ability, helmet use, equipment ownership, ski school, wind, visibility.