Table 2 Length of stay and hospital costs for pediatric submersion-injury-related hospitalizations, 2003
Actualsampledischarges(n)Nationalestimate(% of category)Outcome of submersion injury weighted percentage (95% CI)
No permanentmorbidityPermanentmorbidityIn-hospital death
Total14752488 (100.0)82.5 (80.2 to 84.6)5.8 (4.7 to 7.2)11.6 (9.9 to 13.7)
Length of stay (days)
    0–18811469 (59.0)91.0 (88.3 to 93.1)0.5 (0.2 to 1.3)8.5 (6.4 to 11.2)
    2–3318545 (21.9)85.2 (80.9 to 88.7)2.0 (1.0 to 4.1)12.8 (9.5 to 17.0)
    4–7145247 (9.9)69.7 (60.7 to 77.4)7.2 (3.8 to 13.2)23.1 (16.2 to 31.9)
    8–1460105 (4.2)44.0 (32.1 to 56.6)29.1 (20.5 to 39.5)26.9 (17.1 to 39.7)
    ⩾1571122 (4.9)28.1 (17.2 to 42.4)63.8 (51.0 to 75.0)8.1 (3.7 to 16.5)
All submersion injuriesNo permanent morbidityPermanent morbidityIn-hospital death
Hospital costs (US$)*
    Total hospital costs9 550 7044 048 0003 565 1721 906 808
    Percentage of total hospital costs100.042.437.320.0
    Mean8 6514 40052 42916 438
    Median2 2811 84141 95010 025
    Interquartile range1 251–6 1651 147–3 67113 729–70 4365 445–22 445
  • Source: Kids’ Inpatient Database, 2003.

  • *Cases with invalid or missing cost information (n = 371) are not reported.