Table 2

 Scenarios explaining social inequality in road traffic injury (RTI) mortality between and within countries

Determinants of social inequality in RTI mortality between countriesDeterminants of social inequality in RTI mortality within countries
Scenario 1: host and vector
National social contextIn face of global economic recession, country A had higher unemployment rate than country CLess educated and manual workers were more likely to be fired during economic recession in country C
RTI related contextUnemployed families could not afford to buy protective devices, better cars, and health insuranceUnemployed families could not afford to buy protective devices, better cars and health insurance
Individual exposure and resourcesMore people in country A were vulnerable to severe injury in traffic crashes than country CPeople with low socioeconomic position were more vulnerable to severe injury in traffic crashes
Scenario 2: physical environment
National social contextCountry C had higher income than country ACountry C had larger income inequality than county A
RTI related contextCountry C invested more on better road infrastructure than country ADistribution of resources in maintaining better road infrastructure in country C was unequal
Individual exposure and resourcesAll people living in country C had exposure to safer road conditions than people live in country APeople living in deprived areas of country C had exposure to more unsafe road infrastructure
Scenario 3: social environment
National social contextCountry C had higher safety standards than county AThe quality of governance in country C was unequal
RTI related contextCountry C adopted speed limits and alcohol impairment laws, but not in country ASpeed limits and alcohol impairment laws were more strictly enforced in better-off areas
Individual exposure and resourcesAll people living in country C have less exposure risk than people living in country APeople living in deprived areas have higher exposure risk than their counterparts in better-off areas in country C