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Trends in the drowning mortality rate in Iran
  1. Pegah Derakhshan1,2,
  2. Sahar Saeedi Moghaddam3,
  3. Soheil Saadat1,
  4. Ali Ghanbari3,
  5. Nazila Rezaei3,
  6. Sepehr Khosravi4,5,
  7. Parinaz Mehdipour3,
  8. Mina Amirmohammadi6,
  9. Shima Jahani7,
  10. Mahdi Sharif-Alhoseini1,
  11. Seyed Behzad Jazayeri1,
  12. Maryam Chegini3,
  13. Zahra Ghodsi1,
  14. Farideh Sadeghian8,9,
  15. Khatereh Naghdi1,
  16. Peyman Salamati1,
  17. Ali H Mokdad10,
  18. Gerard O’Reilly11,
  19. Maziar Moradi-Lakeh12,
  20. Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar1
  1. 1Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center (STSRC), Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, The Islamic Republic of Iran
  2. 2Student Research Committee, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, The Islamic Republic of Iran
  3. 3Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, The Islamic Republic of Iran
  4. 4Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, The Islamic Republic of Iran
  5. 5Hazrat-e Rasool General Hospital, Tehran, The Islamic Republic of Iran
  6. 6Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, The Islamic Republic of Iran
  7. 7Students' Scientific Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, The Islamic Republic of Iran
  8. 8Center for Health Related Social and Behavioral Sciences Research, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, The Islamic Republic of Iran
  9. 9Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, The Islamic Republic of Iran
  10. 10Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
  11. 11Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia
  12. 12Preventive Medicine and Public Health Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, The Islamic Republic of Iran
  1. Correspondence to Professor Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center (STSRC), Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran 11365-3876, Islamic Republic of Iran; v_rahimi{at}tums.ac.ir

Abstract

Objective The WHO estimates the global incidence of death by drowning to be about 300 000 cases per year. The objective of this study was to estimate the trend in mortality due to drowning in all provinces of Iran in all age groups and both genders from 1990 to 2015.

Study design The National and Subnational Burden of Diseases (NASBOD) project is a comprehensive project in Iran. It is based on the Global Burden of Disease study and includes novel methods to estimate the burden of diseases in Iran.

Methods This study used the results of the mortality rate due to drowning as part of NASBOD and investigated the causes behind the mortality rates. The data set recorded mortality rates by 19 age groups and two genders with the corresponding subnational pattern during the time period from 1990 to 2015.

Results The drowning mortality rate decreased in Iran from 1990 to 2015. From 1990 to 2015, the annual percentage change for males and females was −5.28% and −10.73%, respectively. There were 56 184 male and 21 589 female fatalities during the study period. The highest number of deaths was seen in 1993 with 4459, and the lowest number of fatalities was observed in 2015 with 903 deaths.

Conclusion Our data showed a decline in drowning mortality in Iran from 1990 to 2015, but the rates and declines varied by province. Our findings are of great importance to health officials and authorities in order to further reduce the burden of drowning.

  • Epidemiology, Drowning
  • Low-Middle Income Country
  • Mortality
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Footnotes

  • Funding This work was funded by the Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education [grant number: 1391-01-101-150] and Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center [number: 0891/12-08-2018].

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Ethics approval The study was approved by Ethics Committee of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, the reference number is IR.TUMS.EMRI.REC.1396.00175.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement Data are available upon reasonable request.

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