Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Hospitalized fall injuries and race in California
  1. A A Ellis,
  2. R B Trent
  1. Department of Health Services, Epidemiology and Prevention for Injury Control Branch, Injury Surveillance and Epidemiology Section, 611 N 7th Street, MS 39A, P O Box 942732, Sacramento, CA 94234–7320, USA
  1. Correspondence to:
 Mr Ellis


Objective—To compare risks for falls and their consequences among four major race/ethnic groups in California.

Methods—Cases are 104 902 hospital discharges of California residents with a same level fall injury as the principal external cause of injury. Included are all discharges for a first hospitalization for a given injury in any California non-federal hospital from 1995–97. Analysis includes crude and age standardized rates to describe risks, diagnoses, and consequences.

Results—Rates per 100 000 for same level hospitalized fall injuries for whites (161) are distinctively higher than for blacks (64), Hispanics (43), and Asian/Pacific Islanders (35). Whites are more likely to have a fracture diagnosis and to be discharged to long term care rather than home, suggesting a poorer outcome or greater severity. Same level falls absorb a large proportion of hospital resources directed to the treatment of injuries.

Conclusions—In a four way comparison among race/ethnic groups, whites are distinguished by their high incidence, rates of fracture, and unfavorable discharge status. Prevention, particularly aimed at whites, has potential to improve health and save treatment resources.

  • falls
  • race

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.