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An overview of the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  1. David Sleet1,
  2. Sandra Bonzo2,
  3. Christine Branche3
  1. 1National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia: Division of Unintentional Injury Prevention
  2. 2Office of Communication Resources
  3. 3Division of Unintentional Injury Prevention
  1. Correspondence to: Dr David Sleet, Associate Director for Science, DUIP, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, CDC, 4770 Buford Highway NE, K-63, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA.

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The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), located in Atlanta, Georgia, USA, is a public health agency of the US Department of Health and Human Services. CDC employs approximately 6000 staff, worldwide, and has an annual budget exceeding 2.5 billion dollars. As the nation's prevention agency, CDC is responsible for promoting health and quality of life by preventing and controlling disease, injury, and disability. In its half century of successes working with partners across the nation and the world, CDC has made important strides in detecting and investigating health problems, conducting research to enhance prevention, developing and advocating sound health policies, implementing prevention strategies, promoting health behaviors, fostering safe and healthy environments, and providing leadership in public health.

History of the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control

In the early 1970s, CDC began to investigate injuries, particularly in the home and the recreational environment. These activities were located in the Division of Environmental Health Services of the Bureau of State Services. These activities were expanded into CDC's Division of Injury Control in the Center for Environmental Health. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health was also established at CDC to address a broad spectrum of occupational health issues, which include workplace safety and injuries. Also, the Violence Epidemiology Branch was created in 1983 in the Center for Health Promotion and Education as CDC began to focus surveillance and epidemiologic strategies on the problems of self directed and interpersonal violence and to promote the concept of violence as a public health problem.

A report published in 1985 by the National Academy of Sciences, Injury in America, documented serious inadequacies in the understanding of and approach to injury as a public health problem and recommended the establishment of a central agency to coordinate research efforts in injury prevention and control. Based on criteria established for a unit that could …

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