Objectives To report the nature of badminton-related eye injuries in the published literature.
Methods A review of the literature with key word and MeSH terms: ‘Eye injury’, ‘Ocular trauma’, ‘Badminton’ ‘Shuttlecock’ using CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Informit Health Collection databases. Papers were reviewed to assess the circumstances of the injury, patient demographics and clinical data.
Results 19 studies from 1974 to 2020 from 12 countries reported 378 monocular badminton-related eye injuries from 378 patients with a male-to-female ratio of 2.5:1. A closed globe injury was sustained in 97% of eyes and a shuttlecock responsible for 85% of injuries. Doubles play, the shuttlecock and a lack of eye protection were associated with eye injury.
Conclusion Vision impairment was associated with the majority of badminton-related eye injuries, and doubles play, the shuttlecock and a lack of eye protection were risk factors.
- Ocular Injury
- Recreation / Sports
Data availability statement
Data sharing not applicable as no datasets generated and/or analysed for this study.
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Contributors AKH and SW concieved the study. AKH and TAK conducted the search and analysis. All authors contributed to the writing of the manuscript and agreed on the final version. AKH, SW and TAK are guarantors to the contents of this manuscript.
Funding AKH is a recipient of an NHMRC PhD Scholarship. SW is Sydney Medical School Foundation Fellow.
Competing interests AKH is an employee of EssilorLuxottica.
Patient and public involvement Patients and/or the public were not involved in the design, or conduct, or reporting, or dissemination plans of this research.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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