Context Costs related to criminal justice are an important component of the economic burden of injuries; such costs could include police involvement, judicial and corrections costs, among others. If the literature has sufficient information on the criminal justice costs related to injury, it could be added to existing estimates of the economic burden of injury.
Objective To examine research on injury-related criminal justice costs, and what extent cost information is available by type of injury.
Data sources Medline, PsycINFO, Sociological Abstracts ProQuest, EconLit and National Criminal Justice Reference Service were searched from 1998 to 2021.
Data extraction Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses was followed for data reporting.
Results Overall, 29 studies reported criminal justice costs and the costs of crime vary considerably.
Conclusions This study illustrates possible touchpoints for cost inputs and outputs in the criminal justice pathway, providing a useful conceptualisation for better estimating criminal justice costs of injury in the future. However, better understanding of all criminal justice costs for injury-related crimes may provide justification for prevention efforts and potentially for groups who are disproportionately affected. Future research may focus on criminal justice cost estimates from injuries by demographics to better understand the impact these costs have on particular populations.
- Systematic Review
Data availability statement
Data sharing not applicable as no datasets generated and/or analysed for this study. Data are publicly available from the listed electronic databases.
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Contributors GM and CF conceptualised the study, reviewed literature, drafted the manuscript and reviewed the final manuscript. SBB, ARW and FL reviewed literature, drafted the manuscript and reviewed the final manuscript. All authors approved final manuscript as submitted.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Disclaimer The findings and conclusions in this manuscript are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The authors aim to use person-first language throughout this systematic review, however when reporting on previously published works the language reflects what was reported in the original study.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient and public involvement Patients and/or the public were not involved in the design, or conduct, or reporting, or dissemination plans of this research.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.