Article Text

Download PDFPDF
342 Asking the right questions—understanding child farm-related injury and death
  1. Jessie Adams1,2,
  2. Susan Brumby1,2,3,
  3. Alison Kennedy1,2,
  4. Jacquie Cotton1,2
  1. 1Deakin University, Geelong, Australia
  2. 2National Centre for Farmer Health, Hamilton, Australia
  3. 3Western District Health Service, Hamilton, Australia


Background Unlike most workplaces, farms are both a workplace and a home often resulting in a blurred division between the two. Sadly, children represent 15% of all farm-related fatalities in Australia and this has remained consistent over the last 20 years. Additionally, child farm-related injury statistics have been interpreted without an understanding of the behaviours, attitudes and actions of children and their parents on farms.

Methods To develop two surveys that will assist in understanding the vulnerability of children in these environments a modified Delphi study was undertaken. The surveys will be completed by Victorian children (5–14 years) and their parent/s to explore children’s exposure to farming hazards, risk-taking behaviours, attitudes towards safety measures and their experience of farm-related injury.

Results The use of the modified Delphi process allowed for effective co-design between farming, injury and industry professionals to develop two validated surveys. The parent and child survey results will describe activities children frequently participate in and explore the factors influencing parents’ decision making in regard to their child’s engagement on Victorian farms.

Conclusion As farming populations are heterogeneous these surveys can be used across varying farming populations and industries to understand child farm safety and the behaviours and attitudes of children and their parents. These results should inform the development of targeted and culturally appropriate injury prevention strategies.

Learning outcomes Understanding the common behaviours and attitudes of children and their parent/s on farms is vital in reducing the rate of fatal and non-fatal child farm injuries.

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.