Background Intimate partner violence is considered a major public health issue worldwide and it is associated with an increased risk for HIV infection among serodiscordant HIV couples, where one of the partners is HIV infected and the other partner is not infected. It`s estimated that 30% of all new HIV infections occur among serodiscordant couples and women in particular who experience IPV are 50% more likely to acquire HIV than women who do not experience IPV
Although the prevalence of IPV and HIV have been documented in Mozambique, there is scarce information regarding IPV among serodiscordant couples. The proposed study seeks to establish the prevalence of IPV among serodiscordant couples in Mozambique.
Methodology Quantitative data from the IMASIDA 2015 (Mozambique National Immunization, Malaria and HIV Indicator Survey) were used to establish the prevalence of IPV among serodiscordant couples in Mozambique. Descriptive statistics were used to analysis the data on 456 serodiscordant couples that experiencing IPV
Result 63.6% of serodiscordant couples reported experiencing sexual IPV in the past year and more than 57% reported physical or emotional IPV. The prevalence of physical and sexual violence is high in rural area (71%) than urban area (51%). The prevalence of physical and sexual IPV is less than 43% in serodiscordant couple with secondary and more than 72% in first wealth index.
Conclusion The findings demonstrated high prevalence of IPV among serodiscordant couples in Mozambique. HIV intervention programmes should address gender-based violence and inequity among serodiscordant couples.