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Prospective longitudinal study investigating predictors of childhood injuries from Growing Up in New Zealand cohort: study protocol
  1. Luam Ghebreab1,
  2. Bridget Kool1,
  3. Arier Lee1,
  4. Susan Morton2
  1. 1 Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, School of Population Health, Section of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
  2. 2 Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, School of population health, Department of Social and Community Health, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
  1. Correspondence to Dr Luam Ghebreab, School of population health, Section of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, The University of Auckland Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, Auckland 1142, New Zealand; luam.ghebreab{at}auckland.ac.nz

Abstract

Background Injury is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide and yet preventable and predictable. In New Zealand (NZ), unintentional injury is the leading cause of emergency department visits, hospitalisations and death among children, making it a significant public health concern.

Objective To identify the factors that place young children in NZ at an increased risk of unintentional injury.

Methods This study will investigate injuries among children from the prospective Growing Up in NZ birth cohort of 6853 children and their families. The primary outcome of interest is injury events where medical treatment was sought. The data sources include parental reports of child injury and Accident Compensation Corporation—NZ’s no-fault injury compensation system—injury claims. The linked datasets will be utilised to examine the distribution of life course exposures and outcome data using descriptive statistics. A temporal multilevel model will then be developed to examine relationships between neighbourhood, child and family characteristics and injury from birth to 5 years of age for all children for whom parental consent to link data were obtained.

Discussion The findings of this research will help to identify how the multiplicity of influences between children, family and their broader societal context acting across time affect their risk of experiencing a preschool injury. This information will provide an evidence base to inform context-relevant strategies to reduce and prevent childhood injuries.

  • longitudinal
  • cohort study
  • burden of disease
  • child

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Footnotes

  • Contributors LG is the lead author and guarantor of this manuscript. All (LG, BK SM, AL) authors have participated in the conception, planning, reviewing and approving this protocol plan. All authors of this paper have read and approved the final version submitted.

  • Funding GUiNZ has been funded by the Ministry of Social Development, supported, Ministries of Health and Education, as well as Oranga Tamariki; Te Puni Kōkiri; the Ministry of Justice; the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment; the Ministry for Pacific Peoples; the Ministry for Women; the Department of Corrections; the New Zealand Police; Sport New Zealand; and the Office of the Health and Disability Commissioner: Office of the Children’s Commissioner; Housing New Zealand (now Ministry of Housing and Urban Development); the Office of Ethnic Communities; Statistics New Zealand; the Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet and the Treasury. GUiNZ acknowledges the ongoing support and advice provided by the University of Auckland and Auckland UniServices Limited, as well as the advisory and governance groups involved in the study, including the Steering Group, Policy Forum; Expert Scientific Advisory Group; Kaitiaki Group; Pasifika Advisory Group; and Data Access Committee.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Supplemental material This content has been supplied by the author(s). It has not been vetted by BMJ Publishing Group Limited (BMJ) and may not have been peer-reviewed. Any opinions or recommendations discussed are solely those of the author(s) and are not endorsed by BMJ. BMJ disclaims all liability and responsibility arising from any reliance placed on the content. Where the content includes any translated material, BMJ does not warrant the accuracy and reliability of the translations (including but not limited to local regulations, clinical guidelines, terminology, drug names and drug dosages), and is not responsible for any error and/or omissions arising from translation and adaptation or otherwise.

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