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Cyberbullying perpetration and victimisation among junior and senior high school students in Guangzhou, China
  1. Jiaming Rao1,
  2. Haiqing Wang1,
  3. Minhui Pang1,
  4. Jianwei Yang1,
  5. Jiayi Zhang1,
  6. Yunfeng Ye2,
  7. Xiongfei Chen3,
  8. Shengyong Wang1,
  9. Xiaomei Dong1
  1. 1 Center for Injury Prevention and Control, School of Medicine, Jinan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
  2. 2 Shenzhen Baoan Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Treatment, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China
  3. 3 Guangzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
  1. Correspondence to Associate Professor Xiaomei Dong, Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Medical College of Jinan University, No.601 Huangpu avenue west, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province 510632, China; ntydxm{at}


Objectives Cyberbullying research in China is in early stage. This study describes the cyberbullying experiences of junior and senior high school students in Guangzhou, China, and to examine the risk factors associated with cyberbullying perpetrators, victims and perpetrator-victims among students. We also investigated the frequency of cyberbullying and coping strategies of student victims.

Methods Participants were 2590 students in grades 7, 8, 9 and 10 from six junior and senior high schools in October 2015 in Guangzhou, in south China, who completed a questionnaire. Data on participants' experiences with cyberbullying perpetration and victimisation during the previous 6 months were collected. Multinomial logistic regression was used to analyse factors associated with being perpetrators, victims and perpetrator-victims.

Results In this sample, 28.0% (725) of participants reported being a perpetrator and 44.5% (1150) reported being a victim in the previous 6 months. Specifically, 2.9% (74) reported being perpetrators only, 19.3% (499) reported being victims only and 25.2% (651) reported being perpetrator-victims (both perpetrator and victim). In addition, flaming was the most common form of cyberbullying in both perpetration and victimisation. Logistic regression analyses indicated that online game addiction in participants was associated with increased odds of being a perpetrator only; no democratic parenting style in the mother and physical discipline by parents were associated with increased odds of being a victim only; male students, students with low academic achievement, those spending over 2 hours a day online, experiencing physical discipline from parents and online game addiction were associated with increased odds of both perpetration and victimisation.

Conclusions Cyberbullying is a common experience among Chinese junior and senior high school students. These findings add to the empirical data on cyberbullying and reinforce the urgent need for cyberbullying prevention in China. Furthermore, from the perspective of practice, it is important to raise our awareness of cyerbullying and reduce the risk factors.

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  • Contributors JR designed and implemented the study, conducted data analysis and write the manuscript; HW designed the study and revising the manuscript; MP and JY designed the statistical analysis and help with data analysis; YY helped with analysis plan and result interpretation; XC designed and helped with data analysis; SW contributes for study design and revising the manuscript; XD designed the study and developed the manuscript.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Ethics approval This study was conducted with the approval of the Medical College of Jinan University.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.