Objective Determine the relationship between the hours of restriction ‘Safe Time’ and those killed by traffic accidents (TA).
Material and methods Descriptive research based on the monthly report made by Lima Metropolitana Municipality (LM), from database of the Legal Medicine Institute, registered from 2011 to 2017, with a unit and bivariate analysis characterizing TA, deceased and its relationship with the time of occurrence, day of the week, sex and age, alcohol consumption and data from the National Police on frequency of AT and age and sex of deceased.
Results It is evident that there is a relationship between the variables, considering also that the growth of the vehicle fleet is parallel to the TA. Thus, the department of Lima has a frequency of cases and deaths lower than expected, showing that it is necessary to measure the occurrence by districts. The percentage of female deaths in Lima is 19% and 23% in the rest of the country, 67% between 26 to 60 years and in the rest of the country 57%, with fewer young men dying. Temporary deaths decreased every day of the week and hours at dawn. The highest frequency of deaths is related to the number of hours spent.
Conclusions The decrease in deaths due to AT in LM is lower than in other countries, possibly due to the lack of commitment of some of the 43 municipalities; however, the change in age and sex after the intervention is like that in Cali. The ‘safe time’ has evidence for its application throughout the country.
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