Background In March of 2017, Shanghai issued a new traffic management rules, in which, children under 4 should use a child restraint riding in the family car, but no penalty in this traffic rules for not using a child restraint.
Objective To advocate the law decision makers and executers on law enforcement and implementation, we conduct a survey with the objectives to understand the parental awareness and attitude to the new traffic rules; to explore the public’s attitude on law enforcement and implementation, and to understand the parents’ concerns as well.
Method Questionnaires survey among parents of Shanghainese with children from ages 0 to 12, being conducted by trained interviewers.
Main founding 75% of respondents have family cars, among them, 70% have child restraint, but only 30% of them use every ride. 70% of respondents know the new traffic rules and 89% of them support. 61% of respondents say they will buy child restraint as of law, but 11% say they will see how they law executed for the penalty. 60% of respondents perceive ‘Violations’ will be fined ‘100’yuan is just right, 20% think ‘too slight’. Up to 80% respondents believe 4–8 years old children should continue to use child restraint and 56% respondents support to have it in the law. 46% of respondents need technical supports for installation.
Conclusion Shanghai parents well know of new traffic rules and support and penalty for not using a child restraint. Awareness on child restraint still needs to be highly raised, while law enforcement and implementation is strenuously required.
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