Objective To understand middle school students’ current cognition, attitude, self daily behaviors and injury situation of using electronic equipment while walking and to provide a scientific basis for invention strategies.
Methods a total of 696 students selected from 4 junior high schools and 4 senior high schools in 4 districts in Hangzhou by multistage random cluster sampling were investigated with a questionnaire survey.
Results 89.91% of the students were distracted by using electronic devices while walking. 77.81% of surveyed students were listening to music while walking. 72.70% were on the phone. 71.66% were sending messages. 45.52% were seeking information. 35.06% were playing electronic games, and 25.94% of the students were watching the video. As for the rate of the reported distracted behaviors by electronic equipment, the senior high school students had a higher rate than junior high school students. Girls had a higher reported rate of listening music while walking than that of boys. While boys had a higher rate of playing games while walking than that of girls. 95.40% of students believed that their peers would be distracted by using electronic devices while walking. 50.51% of the surveyed students said they had been hit by a motor vehicle or were almost hit while walking, of which 14.57% were related to the distraction of using electronic devices. 52.61% of students using electronic devices during their daily walk were hit by a motor vehicle or were almost hit, higher than the proportion of non-use electronic device students (30.4%).
Conclusion Most of the junior/senior high school students would use electronic equipment frequently in the walk, leading to the distraction, influencing personal safety and certain measures should be taken as soon as possible to reduce the occurrence of related accidents.