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Healthy China 2030: a missed opportunity for injury control
  1. Peishan Ning1,
  2. David C Schwebel2,
  3. Guoqing Hu1
  1. 1Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, Xiangya School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China
  2. 2Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Guoqing Hu, Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, Xiangya School of Public Health, Central South University, 110 Xiangya Road, Changsha, Hunan 410078, China; huguoqing009{at}

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On 25 October 2016, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council of China released the Healthy China 2030 blueprint guide.1 For the first time, a long-term national health initiative includes injury control, as it specifies actions to improve occupational safety, road traffic safety and injury prevention. However, the blueprint misses a fundamental priority for injury control—no specific department or agency is assigned to lead and coordinate the efforts of the multiple departments and social partners working to prevent injuries in China.2 ,3

The absence of such a lead agency will seriously impede the development of injury control in China. Most prominently, a top-down professional team is not responsible for injury control, which can compromise nationwide implementation and the use of evidence-based, affordable and easy-to-implement interventions that are used in other nations. The lack of a centralised agency responsible for injury control also affects national investment in injury research. As seen in the national health research agendas of China over the past three decades, injury prevention research is excluded from priority listings of recently released national long-term scientific grant announcements ( and the 13th 5-year plan of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (

This situation is particularly concerning because injuries represent a significant threat to the health of the Chinese people. According to Global Burden of Diseases 2015 estimates,4 injuries cause more than 40% of total deaths among individuals aged 1–34 years in China (figure 1). Transport injuries, which are dominated by road traffic crashes, are the leading cause of injury deaths for most age groups in China.

Figure 1

Percentage of deaths from specific injury causes among all deaths by age group (China, 2015).

To achieve the ultimate goal of Healthy China 2030—to ‘promote the health of the Chinese’—the overlooked priority of injury prevention and control must be urgently addressed. The success of the USA in establishing the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control at the CDC offers an excellent model.5 The Chinese government should assign a single agency to lead national injury control efforts and coordinate the existing work of various departments, social organisations and agencies, industry and the public as soon as possible. Strategic planning and implementation could occur under the leadership of such an agency, ultimately offering a long-term national agenda that prioritises and implements surveillance, prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and research efforts for injury control.



  • Contributors We declare that all the authors completed the design, interpretation and writing, and that we have seen and approved the final version.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.