Background Suicide is the second leading cause of death globally between 15–29 years of age. For every suicide there are many more people who attempt suicide every year. Significantly, a prior suicide attempt is the single most important risk factor for suicide in the general population. In Mexico suicide attempt has been on the raisin.
Methods The method was a secondary analysis gathered from the National Survey of Health and Nutrition (2012), in which youth between 10–19 years of age (n = 22,131,741) who reported suicide attempt were analysed by using a logistic regression model.
Results The prevalence of suicide attempt was 2.7% and was significantly higher in women than in men (4.6% vs. 0.9%), 65% used sharp objects, while 26% and 5% drug poisoning and hanging, respectively. Almost 19% reported requiring medical and/or psychiatric services. 28% of the states of Mexico report prevalences betwen 3.5–5.2%.Variables statistically significant in the model were: age in years (ORA = 7.57; 95% CI: = 4.73–12.10), quadratic age (ORA = 0.93; 95% CI: = .92 to .94), schooling in years (OR = 0.90; 95% CI: = 0.85 to 0.95), women (ORA = 6.3; 95% CI: = 4.94–8.06], social security (ORA = 0.80; 95% CI: = 0.65 to 0.98] not currently drinking alcohol (ORA = 2.25; 95% CI: = 1.74–2.91) and currently (ORA = 2.29; 95% CI: = 1.74–3.01), not currently smoking tabacco (ORA = 2.72; 95% CI: = 2.11–3.51) and currently (ORA = 3.26 95% CI: = 2.48–4.27), health damage due to interpersonal violence (ORA = 4.35; 95% CI: = 3.27–5.80), having a mild (ORA = 1.50; 95% CI: = 1.12–2.01) and moderate eating disorder (ORA = 4.22; 95% CI: = 3.21–5.54) and being a second degree relative (grandson, nephew, etc) (ORA = 1.42; 95% CI: = 1.50–1.77).
Conclusions The variables related to suicide attempt are those related to social factors, psychiatric disorders and violence. Studies in Mexico report that a high percentage of adolescents with suicide attemptes have psychiatric disorder. It is urgent to have a better diagnostic and treatment of these disorders.
- suicide attempt
- Mexican youth
- risk factors
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