Background Road crashes is one of the highest cause of morbidity and fatality in the Philippines.
The study tried to look into the trends of fatal and non-fatal injuries due to road crashes in Metro Manila Philippines, including all other relevant factors such as damage to property, number of registered cars, and time of accident.
Methods The study looked at all raw data and databases coming from all agencies that generate traffic and road safety monitoring and evaluation. These are the Metro manila Development Authority, land Transportation Office, Philippine National Police Road Board, Department of Transportation, and Communication. Several literature reviews were also done.
Results Fatal accidents due to road crashes was investigated from 2005 to 2014. In all the years, there was a minimum of 204 fatalities which was in 2012, and the year 2014 registered the highest at 418 deaths. This data is only for Metro Manila which is the capital of the Philippines. Non-fatal accidents was highest too in 2014 registering at 16,665 cases. Damage to property also peaked in 2014 at 73,175 cases. Most frequent accidents occurred between 10–11 am, and 2–3 pm. Over the past 10 years, the number of road crashes in the Philippines has been steadily increasing, except for a slight dip for the year 2012. The number of registered cars has also experienced a steady increase. This increase has led to the congestion of roads in Metro Manila, and more risk to road crashes. This is the first ever data on trending of road crashes in the Philippines for a period of 10 years.
Conclusions The data showed that there is an alarming rate of road crashes which calls for road safety programs and policies for driver and public safety in the Philippines.
- Road crashes
- traffic injuries
- Metro Manila
- road safety
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