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Single- versus multi-vehicle bicycle road crashes in Victoria, Australia
  1. Soufiane Boufous1,
  2. Liz de Rome2,
  3. Teresa Senserrick1,
  4. Rebecca Q Ivers2
  1. 1Transport and Road Safety (TARS) Research, The University of NSW, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  2. 2Injury division, The George Institute for Global Health Sydney, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  1. Correspondence to Dr Soufiane Boufous, Transport and Road Safety (TARS) Research, University of New South Wales, Level 1, West Wing, Old Main Building, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia; soufiane{at}


The aim of the study is to compare trends, circumstances and outcomes of single- versus multi-vehicle bicycle on-road crashes in Victoria, Australia, through the analysis of police records and hospital admissions between January 2004 and December 2008. The results show that over 80% of on-road single-vehicle bicycle crashes occurred as a result of the cyclist losing control of the bicycle with the remainder involving collisions with objects. Compared with multi-vehicle crashes, single-vehicle crashes were more likely to occur in the dark, in wet conditions and in rural areas. Over half of the cyclists hospitalised as result of on-road crashes were injured in single-vehicle crashes and this proportion seems to be increasing over time. Single-vehicle crashes were associated with hospitalised injuries as severe as those resulting from multivehicle crashes. The findings highlight the significant burden of serious injury associated with single-vehicle bicycle road crashes. Further research is needed to investigate in greater detail the risk factors of these crashes and the effectiveness of countermeasures to reduce their burden.

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